Implementing REDD+ in Ca Mau Province, Viet Nam

03 Aug 2016 by UN-REDD Programme's Asia-Pacific team

Ca Mau is the southernmost province of Viet Nam, surrounded on three sides by sea. One of the main forest owners in the province is Nhung Mien Forest Management Board (FMB). Under Vietnamese law, FMBs are bodies established by the government to administer areas of land, which are legally defined to be “forest land”, irrespective of whether there are trees growing on the land.  In the case of Nhung Mien FMB, its role is to protect and manage about 12,600 ha of forest land in 14 villages of Vien An Dong commune. Approximately 40% of this area is actually forested (around 5,400 ha), consisting of mangroves planted for protection (43%) and production (57%) purposes.   During July – September 2015, with technical and financial support from the Viet Nam UN-REDD Phase II Programme, the FMB developed a Site REDD+ Implementation Plan (SiRAP) in consultation with local stakeholders. The Plan aimed to address the widespread issues of mangrove conversion and degradation, with illegal conversion to shrimp farms identified as one of the critical drivers of deforestation. The UN-REDD Provincial Programme Management Unit (PPMU) of Ca Mau signed a REDD+ Implementation Agreement (RIA) with the FMB in November 2015 to encourage the FMB … Read more

Improving Access to Legal Services for Prisoners Returning to Our Communities

08 Jul 2016 by Scott Ciment, UNDP Policy Advisor for Rule of Law

At a workshop hosted by the United Nation Development Programme (UNDP) in Ha Noi in Summer 2016, local lawyers, professors, legal experts, and law students gathered together for an open discussion on how to improve access to legal services for prisoners reintegrating into society. Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) University of Law teamed up with UNDP to create the “Mobile Clinical Legal Services for Prisoners Preparing for Release,” aimed at supplying basic legal information to inmates at five prisons across the south of Viet Nam. This program provides inmates and recently released prisoners with a strong community of support, willing to help with the variety of problems they face. “Difficulties with identity cards, clearing criminal records, and family issues are common problems,” said Mr. Duong Hoan, Vice Director of the Legal Consultancy Center. He called for continued support of this program, saying in earnest, “Our prisoners are still people, and we need to help our people.” The distinguishing mark of the program is its personal touch and enhancement of socialization for the prisoners. Fifty law students from the HCMC University of Law held one-on-one counselling sessions with over 600 inmates to assess each person’s distinct, legal needs which built upon the … Read more

Making every voice count

12 Apr 2016 by Pratibha Mehta

Photo: ©Shutterstock/UNDP Viet Nam
A few weeks ago I was fascinated to learn that local authorities in Da Nang have harnessed the power of social media to make their coastal city cleaner, greener, and more beautiful. People can go online to report a broken lamppost, flooded street or an illegal landfill. By helping to prioritize and direct the authority’s response, it has quickly become a success story for other cities and provinces to learn from. Ten years ago, responsive governance like this would have been almost unthinkable in Viet Nam. However, as incomes and aspirations have continued to rise, the relationship between government and their people has been transformed. As other countries have found, the more prosperous and educated citizens are, the more they expect governments to be accountable and responsive.   That is why we embarked on a journey to help improve communication between local government and its people. In 2009 UNDP Viet Nam and its national partners introduced a pioneering set of metrics to capture people’s experience in the Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI). According to the national press, PAPI came as a breath of fresh air to push local administration to reform. By engaging provinces with their results, not only … Read more

In Viet Nam, exposing the inequities of 'normal' gender roles

21 Mar 2016 by Bakhodir Burkhanov, UNDP Deputy Country Director in Viet Nam

The campaign argues that what people in Viet Nam consider ‘normal’ gender roles are actually abnormal. UNDP Viet Nam Photo
Women zip through the streets, carrying kids and groceries on their motorbikes. It’s a common rush-hour scene on the streets of Viet Nam, where after-work routines for many women involve picking up kids, shopping for groceries, cooking, cleaning, and helping kids with homework. Existing stereotypes in Viet Nam confine women and men to certain roles, positions and careers. According to a UNDP report on women’s leadership in Viet Nam, few women achieve senior government positions. In the civil service, women hold very few senior posts: only nine percent among ministers, eight percent of vice ministers, and seven percent at director-general level. The current situation is far from where Viet Nam has stated it wants to be. The National Strategy on Gender Equality sets a target of a minimum 35 percent women’s representation in elected office, but currently the National Assembly is only 24 percent female.   There are gaps in policies and their implementation, and advancement is also restricted due to traditional views on gender norms. These views, held by men and women, are shaped in large part by societal stereotypes. UNDP and UNFPA in Viet Nam recently launched a campaign to place a spotlight on these discriminatory stereotypes and behaviors. … Read more

In Ho Chi Minh City, officials look beyond income to find the poor

03 Feb 2016 by Richard Marshall, Nguyen Bui Linh and Sarah Reed

As the country’s most prosperous city, the nature of poverty in Ho Chi Minh City has changed over the past decade, as is the case among many of Viet Nam’s middle income neighbours. Photo: Paul Arps / CC2.0
In January this year, Viet Nam’s prosperous Ho Chi Minh City saw the ranks of its poor lengthen by roughly 100,000 households, pushing its poverty headcount upwards by about 4-5 per cent. Officials at HCMC have taken great pains to ensure a greater number of people are listed as poor. This change not only holds great promise in shaping stronger social welfare systems in Viet Nam, it could change how other Asian megacities tackle deep-seated urban poverty. What the city authorities at HCMC are doing is changing the rules of how they define poverty and who is considered poor. Poverty levels in Ho Chi Minh City have not actually risen. Rather the approach recognizes that poverty is a multi-faceted concept. In addition to those residing below the poverty line, HCMC’s new ‘poverty list’ will now include families who may not be poor in terms of income, but lack minimum levels of access to education, vocational training, health care, employment, proper housing and water. This will qualify them for government-run social welfare programmes that seek to tackle these deprivations. As the country’s most prosperous city, the nature of poverty in Ho Chi Minh City has changed over the past decade, as is … Read more