Democratic Governance

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Viet Nam’s Economy: Success Story or Weird Dualism?

The role of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Viet Nam has often been to provide the Government and the international development community with valuable alternative policy perspectives to help further advance Viet Nam’s impressive development process. It is in this spirit thatmore

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Access to justice in Viet Nam - Survey from a people’s perspective

The purpose of this report is to provide new information regarding the role of existing legal institutions and mechanisms for access to justice in Viet Nam; and how they are perceived and assessed from a people’s perspective. The report is based on a two-part study.  The first partmore

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Access to justice in Viet Nam - Survey from a people’s perspective

The purpose of this report is to provide new information regarding the role of existing legal institutions and mechanisms for access to justice in Viet Nam; and how they are perceived and assessed from a people’s perspective. The report is based on a two-part study.  The first part is a deskmore

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Appointed councels in Vietnamese criminal laws and practice

Article 57 of the Vietnam Criminal Procedure Code provides for the responsibilities of litigation agencies to appoint counsel to represent accused or offender in cases which accused of the crimes are subject to capital or live sentence, and juvenile delinquent or offender with physical or mentalmore

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Being LGBT in Asia: Viet Nam Country Report

A Participatory Review and Analysis of the Legal and Social Environment for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Persons and Civil Society This report provides an overview of LGBT rights in Viet Nam as related speciacally to employment; education; health care; family affairs; the media;more

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Beyond HEPR: A framework for an Integrated National System of Social Security in Viet Nam

Viet Nam has entered an unprecedented period of social and economic change. Rapid economic growth has created millions of jobs, raised incomes and improved living standards dramatically for millions of Vietnamese people. Economic development has also transformed the nature of economic risk for manymore

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Bringing the MDGs Closer to the People

Bringing the MDGs Closer to the People provides a preliminary assessment of how  Vietnamese people, the vast majority living in rural areas, are faring with respect to the range of social indicators that comprise the MDGs. Viet Nam’s commitment to the global goals of the MDGs will bemore

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Brochure: UNDP Viet Nam working for growth with equity

Viet Nam has seen great progress in economic and social development, yet increasing disparities are emerging. In this phase of Viet Nam's development – rapid international integration, ever-increasing GDP and a goal to reach middle income status by 2010 – the priority is to ensure that this growthmore

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Brochure: UNDP in Viet Nam

During the last 15 years Viet Nam has witnessed rapid economic growth and a sharp reduction in poverty. By 2010, Viet Nam aims to become a middle income country. Yet growth is not evenly distributed and disparities are emerging. more

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Building a National Human Rights Institution: A study for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of Viet Nam

The present study aims at informing the government of Viet Nam about National Human Rights Institutions (NHRI) as a key element of human rights protection and promotion at the national level. In 2010, the author of the present study submitted a study to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Viet Nammore

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Comparative Provincial Performance in Private Business Development

This is part of a learning process aimed at better understanding what can be done to further improve the provincial level business environment. We hope that this report will help policy makers, researchers and development professionals appreciate some of the grassroots business developmentmore

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Consultation with Social Organizations on Amendments of the 1992 Constitution

This report presents results of a survey of 545 Vietnamese NGOs on their opinions in relation to key issues to be amended in the Constitution 1992. The survey commissioned by the Vietnam Lawyers’ Association (VLA) under the project titled “Legal Empowerment of the Poor through Support to Vietnammore

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Corruption and Public Administration

As part of UNDP’s work in policy analysis and public administration reform six discussion papers have been written which focus on the challenges of public administration reform in Viet Nam. The papers propose specific recommendations for public administration reform and institutional reform,more

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Country programme action plan

UNDP’s Country Programme Document (CPD) and the Country Programme Action Plan (CPAP) provide a framework for cooperation between the Government of Viet Nam and UNDP over the next five years and support the country’s efforts to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The two documents,more

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Culture and Development in Viet Nam

Both a driving force and goal for development, culture is a key factor impacting on every stage of the development process. For development to be relevant and responsive, due attention will have to be paid to both the tangible and the intangible dimensions of culture. The aim is to make developmentmore

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Deepening Democracy and Increasing Popular Participation in Viet Nam Author: UNDP Viet Nam

Viet Nam’s 1998 Decree on Grassroots Democracy (dan chu co so) put in place the legal framework required to expand direct citizen participation in local government. The decree established new mechanisms to enable citizens to exercise their rights to be informed of government activities thatmore

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East asia: from miracle to crisis - Key lessons for Viet Nam

East Asia: From Miracle to Crisis outlines some of the main lessons from the East Asian development experience which are most relevant to Viet Nam at this current juncture in the country’s development process. In order to be useful to Vietnamese policy- and decision-makers, the paper focusesmore

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Engaging Parliaments in the Millennium Development Goals: A Key Part of National MDG Strategies

The Millennium Declaration marks a watershed in the history of the United Nations and the struggle against poverty and want. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) included within the Declaration sets out concrete, global development objectives and, for the first time, a timetable for theirmore

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Fact Sheet: Gender equality in Viet Nam

 Although Viet Nam has made significant strides towards achieving gender equality, gender gaps remain. Viet Nam’s ranking on key gender measures remains similar to that of low income countries in the region. Viet Nam ranked 71 out of 134 countries on the 2009 World Economic Forum’s Globalmore

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Fact Sheet: Implementing Human Rights Treaties in Viet Nam

Promoting and protecting human rights is the consistent policy of that State of Viet Nam. As outlined in the publication Achievements in the Protection and the Promotion of Human Rights in Viet Nam, the Government seeks to ensure the realization of human rights through, inter-alia the process ofmore

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Fact Sheet: Support to Public Administration Reform in Ho Chi Minh City

The new project “Support to Public Administration Reform in HCM City” reflects the strategic orientation as shown in the Country Programme Action Plan (CPAP) and the UN’s One Plan as agreed between UNDP and the Government of Viet Nam. more

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Filling the Gap: The Emerging Civil Society in Viet Nam

Civil Society Index studies were carried out worldwide from 2004 to 2006 in order to assess the present strengths and weaknesses of civil society in several dozen countries. The assessments follow similar methodologies in each country to assess civil society at a national level, based on themore

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Gender Briefing Kit

This updated Gender Briefing Kit is based on an important shift in the global approach to achieving gender equality. We have learned that gender equality cannot be achieved by one group, or a few individuals acting alone. It can only be achieved where there is strong leadership, and broadmore

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Gender mainstreaming workshop facilitation manual in national policy formulation and implementation

This Workshop Facilitation Manual is designed for people who are responsible for facilitating groups to learn the concepts, information and strategies contained in the National Committee for the Advancement of Women`s "National Gender Mainstreaming Guidelines". Gender mainstreaming ismore

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Governmental Organizational Structure

As part of UNDP’s work in policy analysis and public administration reform six discussion papers have been written which focus on the challenges of public administration reform in Viet Nam. The papers propose specific recommendations for public administration reform and institutional reform,more

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Guidelines on public consultations for the Ethnic Council and Committees of the NA

In Vietnam, public consultations have been applied by the executive since the 1980s in the form of taking opinions on the constitution, draft laws and ordinances and on issues of interest to the people. For the National Assembly, public consultations are also of prime importance for the activitiesmore

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Health insurance in Viet Nam towards universal coverage: The case of the workers of the informal sector

The 2008 Law on Health Insurance targets comprehensive health insurance coverage by 2014. In 2009, health insurance was expanded to 58.4% of the population, demonstrating the efforts of the Government to expand the provision of health care. However, extending the coverage of health insurance to themore

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History or policy: Why don't northern provinces grow faster?

The contrast of the relatively weaker economic performance of provinces around the Ha Noi–Hai Phong axis to the provinces around Ho Chi Minh City serves as the basis of an analysis of investment conditions and factor markets from which all provinces across Viet Nam may wellmore

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How Progressive is Social Security in Viet Nam?

This report for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Ha Noi follows up on their Policy Dialogue  Paper  entitled  'Beyond  HEPR: A  Framework  for  an  Integrated  National  Systemof Social Security in Viet  Nam' publishedmore

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Human Resources Development (i.e Civil Service)

As part of UNDP’s work in policy analysis and public administration reform six discussion papers have been written which focus on the challenges of public administration reform in Viet Nam. The papers propose specific recommendations for public administration reform and institutional reform,more

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Institutional Reform for Public Administration

As part of UNDP’s work in policy analysis and public administration reform six discussion papers have been written which focus on the challenges of public administration reform in Viet Nam. The papers propose specific recommendations for public administration reform and institutional reform,more

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Integration the CPRGS into Local Socio-economic Development Plan: Experiences from Tra Vinh

The Government of Viet Nam has articulated its development vision for the decade in the Ten year Socio- Economic Development Strategy (SEDS - 2001-2010). This document endorsed at the Ninth Party Congress in 2001 - lays out a path of transition towards a “market economy with socialist orientation”more

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International comparative analysis of anti-corruption legislation: Lessons on sanctioning and enforcement mechanisms for Viet Nam

This policy research paper undertakes a comparative analysis of the legal frameworks of anti-corruption (AC) laws  and sanctioning and enforcement practices in five jurisdictions (Australia, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Singapore and South Africa). The purpose is to identify lessons that Viet Nam canmore

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Justice index: Assessment of Distributive Justice and Equality from a Citizen-based Survey in 2012

This Report proposes the Justice Index as a new tool for analyzing and making legal and judicial policies. It is also an effective tool to make state agencies both at central and local levels accountable to citizens for the performance of public institutions, efforts to ensure justice – or fairnessmore

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Key Issues in Viet Nam's Fight Against HIV/AIDS

No government alone has the capacity to respond to the challenges HIV/AIDS poses. In Viet Nam, a wide Community of Concerned Partners—ranging from multilateral and bilateral donors to foundations to international and local NGOs—actively supports Viet Nam and its people in the fightmore

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Land-Taking Disputes in East Asia: A Comparative Analysis and Implications for Vietnam

Many of the economic, demographic, and social changes animating land disputes in Vietnam are also sweeping across other countries in East Asia. The aim of this Report is to provide comparative insights into land-taking disputes in three East Asian countries—China, Indonesia, and Cambodia—that aremore

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Manual on public consultations for the Provincial Peope's Councils

Public consultations are important tools which help elected bodies gather sufficient evidence and information to decide policies or laws and to oversee the implementation of these measures. Public consultations enable people to express their opinions, which are then taken into account andmore

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Manual on the institutionalization of public consultations for the Provincial People's Councils

Public consultations are important tools which help elected bodies gather sufficient evidence and information to decide policies or laws and to oversee the implementation of these measures. Since  2008, the Office of National Assembly (ONA)/United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) projectmore

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Measuring citizens' perception and experience on justice: Findings and recommendations from a three province pilot

This paper outlines an experimental research study aiming to measure justice in Viet Nam from citizen’s experience and perception. It illustrates the survey methodology and instrument used in ascertaining respondents’ reaction to justice through case study on environmental and land disputes. As anmore

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Media and Corruption

This research paper on media and corruption, written by Catherine McKinley, looks at how five different news organisations in Viet Nam have covered corruption in 2006 and 2007. Based on the findings the paper offers a series of recommendations on how to change the environment in which media work.more

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Millennium Development Goals 2010 National Report

The Millenium Development Goals, set to be accomplished by 2015, are one of the most significant items to come out of the Millennium Declaration, signed by 189 Heads of State at the United Nations Summit in September 2000. Since then, the commitments made in the Declaration have been consistentlymore

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Modernizing Governance in Viet Nam

The only constant in the life of public organizations today is change. The same is true for Viet Nam’s public sector. It is now 15 years since the Doi Moi was initiated. In that context, Modernizing Governance in Viet Nam gives an update on the status of the three major reformmore

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National Human Rights Institutions – models, programs, challenges, solutions

A study for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of Viet Nam The present study aims to inform the government of Viet Nam about National Human Rights Institutions (NHRI) as a key element of human rights protection and promotion at the national level. Seeking the best realizationmore

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New Papers on Public Administration Reform

As part of UNDP’s work in policy analysis and public administration reform six discussion papers have been written which focus on the challenges of public administration reform in Viet Nam. The papers propose specific recommendations for public administration reform and institutional reform,more

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PAR Master Programme: From Step by Step To A Leap Forward

The approval by the Prime Minister of the Public Administration Reform Master Programme in September, 2001, marked a turning point in efforts to reform Viet Nam’s administrative system. Over the course of the past year a number of initial but essential reforms were undertaken. Although it ismore

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Preparing for the Future: Forward-looking Strategies to Promote Gender Equality in Viet Nam

Gender roles in Viet Nam are heavily influenced by the country’s Confucian past, agrarian social structures, the country’s experience of war and socialist orientation. The transition to the market and increasing interaction with the world outside have contributed to changes to traditionalmore

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Proceedings from the First High Level Roundtable Meeting on 20 Year Review of Doi Moi

For the Tenth Party Congress, the Communist Party and the Government of Viet Nam are preparing the next Five Year Socio-Economic Development Plan (2006-2010), by the completion of which Viet Nam should no longer be a low-income developing country. All relevant Party and government agencies havemore

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Proceedings from the Fourth High Level Roundtable Meeting on 20 Year Review of Doi Moi

The Fourth High Level Roundtable Meeting was held in Ha Noi on 15. – 16. June 2006 gathering 239 participants (136 from Vietnamese institutions, 41 from international organizations, 62 from media organizations). Most of the Vietnamese institutions involved in reviewing the doi moi process inmore

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Proceedings from the Second High Level Roundtable Meeting on 20 Year Review of Doi Moi

The Second High Level Roundtable Meeting aimed, first, to delineate the areas for contribution to the national consultation process of reviewing 20 years of doi moi in Viet Nam and, second, to propose new areas for further and new research on different aspects of doi moi relevant for policymore

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Proceedings from the Third High Level Roundtable Meeting on 20 Year Review of Doi Moi

Prof. Do Hoai Nam opened the Roundtable mentioning that the focus of the meeting would be on globalization and economic development, Viet Nam and Asia-Pacific region, gender and development, rural development and urbanization, capacity building for state governance and public administrationmore

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Public Administration Reform and Anti-Corruption: A Series of Policy Discussion Papers

Criminalising Corruption: A Study of International Practices and Application for Viet Nam The overall policy rationale for reform is explicit. First, levels and types of corruption are increasing. Not only will they adversely impact on Viet Nam’s chosen path of economic development but themore

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Public Administration and Economic Development

As part of UNDP’s work in policy analysis and public administration reform six discussion papers have been written which focus on the challenges of public administration reform in Viet Nam. The papers propose specific recommendations for public administration reform and institutional reform,more

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Public Finance Management

As part of UNDP’s work in policy analysis and public administration reform six discussion papers have been written which focus on the challenges of public administration reform in Viet Nam. The papers propose specific recommendations for public administration reform and institutional reform,more

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Reforming public administration in Viet Nam: current situation and recommendations

Reforming Public Administration in Vietnam: Current Situation and Recommendations, edited by Acuña-Alfaro, Jairo (2009), United Nations Development Programme, Vietnam Fatherland Front and Centre for Community Support and Development Studies. The National Political Publishing House. Ha Noi, Vietmore

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Report on the right to counsel in criminal law and practice in Viet Nam

The ambit of the study included analysis of nine (9) constituent rights fundamental to the Right to counsel in international human right laws and international customs. In addition the law and practice of three (3) civil law  countries, with broadly  similar legal systems to that ofmore

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Report on the survey of the reality of local court governance in Viet Nam

This report “Reality of Local Court Governance in Viet Nam” was commissioned within the framework of MOJ-UNDP project “Strengthening Access to Justice and Protecting Rights in Vietnam”. The report is end result of an empirical study based on the opinions of 2,516 judges—about half the number ofmore

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Research report on parliamentary committee public hearings and their application in Viet Nam

Renovation on operations of Ethnic Council and Committees of National Assembly (will be called NA Committees hereafter) is a necessary reform.  Over the past years, numerous solutions have been realized in order to strengthen operation capacities and role of the NA Committees.  Inmore

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Research report: Conceptual differences between public consultations and constituency relations

Since 2008, the UNDP Project “Strengthening Capacities of Representative Bodies in Vietnam” has supported People’s Councils from various provinces and cities to pilot public consultations (PCs). Support for enhancing constituency relations (CRs) was then started in 2009. Some provinces and citiesmore

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Research report: Legislative processes and procedures of the National Assembly

Under regulations of the Constitution and the Law on the Organization of the National Assembly, the National Assembly is the only body vested with powers to formulate and amend the constitution, to make and amend laws; the National Assembly is also the highest body supervising all activities of themore

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Research report: Oversight procedures of the National Assembly and the National Assembly Standing Committee

The National Assembly’s and National Assembly Standing Committee’s oversight processes are a complex set of legal procedures and steps. They are also the tools guaranteeing the quality, efficiency and integrity of oversight activities as well as the legality of oversight results. While oversightmore

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Research report: Public consultations by People’s Councils with mountainous areas and ethnic minority populations

Their peculiar characteristics, difficulties, methodology and lessons learned.   Between 2008 and 2012, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)/Office of the National Assembly (ONA) Project “Strengthening the capacity of representative bodies in Viet Nam (Phase III)” hasmore

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Research report: Reform of the organization and operation of Office of the National Assembly

In the organization and operation of parliaments, supporting bodies play a critical role in supporting the activities of legislators and their working bodies. Like at other parliaments, the Office of the National Assembly (ONA) is the institution ensuring the efficiency of the operation of themore

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Research studies on the organization and functioning of the justice system in five selected countries

This set of five comparative studies gives an insightful and comprehensive assessment of the justice system in five countries -- China, Indonesia, Japan, Republic of Korea and Russian Federation -- which have been selected on the basis of their interest for Viet Nam having regard to theirmore

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Results of thematic researches supporting the amendment of the 1992 Constitution

New issues are put forward in the face of the comprehensive renovation of the country, and active and positive international integration. In this context, the amendment process of the 1992 Constitution has focused on clarifying and supplementing the following contents: continue affirming thatmore

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Services sector development: A key to Viet Nam's Sustainable Growth

This paper is a short version of a larger study entitled Options and Recommendations for a Comprehensive Development Strategy for the Services Sector in Viet Nam up to 2020,1 conducted in 2004 in the framework of the project “Capacity Strengthening to Manage and Promote Trade in Services in Vietmore

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Shared Commitment and Resources for Strengthened Legal Institutions: UNDP and Denmark Work with Viet Nam's Law Makers, Judges and Prosecutors

The Government of Viet Nam, with the support of UNDP and the Danish Government, recently completed the first phase of a unique experiment in international assistance to development of law. These three projects represent the first and most significant technical assistance provided to Viet Nam’smore

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Social services for human development: Viet Nam Human Development Report 2011

This national Human Development Report provides an evidence-based analysis of Viet Nam's human development progress at the sub-national level, focusing specifically on issues around health and education. It looks at the challenges many Vietnamese face in accessing basic social services. The reportmore

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Strengthening peoples participation in Viet Nam

The non-state sector in Viet Nam, including unions, professional organisations, business associations, non governmental organisations, community based organisations, has experienced rapid growth in recent years. more

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Strengthening the Coordination Between the State Management Agencies Responsible for the Service Sector

This report is part of a larger project funded by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on “Capacity Strengthening to Manage and Promote Trade in Services in Viet Nam in the Context of Integration” (or “Trade in Services” Project VIE/02/009). The Ministry of Planning and Investment is themore

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The Emerging Civil Society: An Initial Assessment of Civil Society in Viet Nam

Globally, civil society organizations are playing an increasingly important role in the guts and efforts to achieve the Millennium Development Goals on poverty reduction (MDGs). The organizations have been working alongside with governments in activities pertaining to the goals on povertymore

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The MDGs and Viet Nam's Socio-Economic Development Plan 2006-2010

The aim of this report is to consider the national objectives from the perspective of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and to suggest concrete indicators of social progress relevant to both the MDGs and Viet Nam’s specific socio-economic conditions. This publication wasmore

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The United Nations Development Framework for the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam 2006-2010

The United Nations Development Framework (UNDAF) for Viet Nam sets out concrete development objectives for the United Nations agencies over the 2006-2010 period. These objectives were identified on the basis of a consultative process involving Government, United Nations agencies and othermore

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The United Nations and the International Development Targets/Millennium Development Goals

In Viet Nam, this report represents a first stocktaking, monitoring, and analysis of the IDTs/MDGs which is internationally comparable.  This will be followed by a more in-depth exercise of “localizing the IDTs/MDGs for the Viet Nam context” to be carried out under themore

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The Viet Nam Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI) 2011: Measuring citizens’ experiences

“People know, people discuss, people do and people verify” is a Vietnamese phrase that perhaps best summarizes the goals of the Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI). PAPI provides objective information about citizens’ experiences and interactions with localmore

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The Viet Nam Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI) 2012

The Viet Nam Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI) is a joint collaboration between the Centre for Community Support Development Studies (CECODES) under the Viet Nam Union of Science and Technology Associations (VUSTA), and the United Nations Development Programmemore

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The Viet Nam Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index PAPI 2013

Measuring Citizens’ Experiences During the past five years, the Viet Nam Provincial Governance and Public Administration Performance Index (PAPI) has captured and reflected the experiences of nearly 50,000 citizens in the country. PAPI is a pioneering initiative that has become the largestmore

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The women's access to land in contemporary Viet Nam

The issue of women’s access to land is often framed in the context of oppression, emancipation, or Vietnamese uniqueness. This study report examines contemporary women’s access to land across ten provinces outside of these traditional narratives. Ten selected research sites reflected a diveristy ofmore

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Towards Gender Equality in Viet Nam: Through Dender-resposive National Policy and Planning - Gender Mainstreaming Guidelines

The aim of the Guide is to support all government officials to understand their roles and responsibilities, develop the skills needed to contribute to achieving gender equality for Viet Namthrough their daily work. Gender mainstreaming is a relatively new approach or strategy. This Guide hopesmore

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UNDP - Viet Nam: The Story of a 25-Year Partnership

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) commenced its development assistancerelationship with the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam in 1977, the year in which the country joined the United Nations. The partnership, forged by Viet Nam and UNDP in those early, difficult days, wasmore

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United Nations Common Country Assessment for Viet Nam

This Common Country Assessment (CCA) presents the United Nations agencies’ shared analysis ofViet Nam’s recent development achievements and remaining challenges over the medium-term. The document is the product of an extensive consultation process within the United Nations system and with themore

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User fees, financial autonomy and access to social services in Viet Nam

Recently the government has granted financial and managerial autonomy to the revenue-raising public service entities, including government health facilities and schools. The Decree on Financial Autonomy (Decree 10) grants sweeping powers to revenue-raising public agencies to manage their revenuemore

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Vietnamese Women in the Year 2000

Vietnamese women play an important role in the history of the country – in the development and the protection of Viet Nam. However, their contribution has not been always adequately recognized. To draw in the talent of women and their positive and diverse roles in development, the Unitedmore

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Women's political representation in Viet Nam

Women's representation in the National Assembly has decreased over the last four terms and is currently at 24.4%. Viet Nam's target is to have a minimum of 35% women represented in the National Assembly and People's Councils in the 2016 election. Significant changes are needed to meet this targetmore

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Women's representation in public administration in Viet Nam

Women's Representation in Public Administration is very low. Currently, only 9 percent and 8 percent of Minister and Vice-minister positions are held by women respectively. Similar low representation is seen at the Director and Deputy Director level within ministries. Compared internationally, Vietmore

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OUR WORK - DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE

During the past decade, Viet Nam attained middle-income country status as a result of impressive economic growth. However progress in social development, including education and health, has been less rapid contributing to slower growth in human development, indicating remaining governance system challenges to keep pace with economic development. UNDP Viet Nam’s governance work focuses on three main pillars: human rights, rule of law and access to justice, along with parliamentary development and public administration reform. Our interventions in governance are made through nationally-executed projects and the work of in-house governance policy advisors.

MORE ABOUT DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE