ISSUE BRIEF: Climate change loss and damage in Viet Nam - Contribution to the review and update of the NDC1
Within the UNFCCC architecture, the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage aims to enhance knowledge of risk management approaches to address unavoidable and residual losses.
The Government of Viet Nam is currently reviewing and updating the NDC1 which will inform the future development of the NDC2. The review aims to provide information on the country’s efforts to date and to highlight the contributions to climate change adaptation and mitigation for the period 2021 – 2030.
In this context, Viet Nam’s updated NDC considers including a new component that begins to look at how losses that are beyond the country’s adaptive capacity can be measured and managed. Such a system should ideally be able to estimate both economic and non-economic losses such as loss of life, degraded health, cultural heritage, and losses induced by human mobility. These residual and unavoidable losses occur above and beyond impacts incurred due to regularly occurring disasters in Viet Nam.