Poverty Reduction

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2013 Human Development Report

Summary The 2013 Human Development Report – "The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World" – examines the profound shift in global dynamics driven by the fast-rising new powers of the developing world and its long-term implications for human development. The Report identifiesmore

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A mapping exercise poverty reduction programmes and policies in Viet Nam

The scope of the study is to focus on projects with a direct poverty reduction support focus or elements, whether directly funded through the state and local budgets or through policies supporting access to social services. The purpose of this study is primarily a mapping exercise of Vietnam’smore

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A mid-term review of the national targeted programme for poverty reduction and programme 135-II, 2006 - 2008

Since the launch of ‘Doi Moi’ reforms in 1986, Viet Nam has embarked upon a hugely successful process of structural reform and socio-economic development. The economy has been fundamentally transformed, from a centrally planned command economy model, to a market based one rapidly integrating intomore

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A robust harvest: strategic choices for agricultural and rural development in Viet Nam

This paper – a companion paper to ‘Getting to work’ by Ian Coxhead, Diep Phan, Dinh Vu Trang Ngan and Kim N. B. Ninh - explores issues related to the modernization of Viet Nam’s agricultural sector and the development of the country’s rural economy by analysing international experience andmore

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Achieving MDGs through ICT: Experiences and Challenges in Viet Nam

Achieving the MDGs through ICTs will require substantial investment not only in the form of financial investment but also social and human investment. ICT adoption and acceptance will require a change in mindsets and greater openness to the new opportunities and possibilities that ICT contains.more

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Beyond HEPR: A framework for an Integrated National System of Social Security in Viet Nam

Viet Nam has entered an unprecedented period of social and economic change. Rapid economic growth has created millions of jobs, raised incomes and improved living standards dramatically for millions of Vietnamese people. Economic development has also transformed the nature of economic risk for manymore

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Bringing the MDGs Closer to the People

Bringing the MDGs Closer to the People provides a preliminary assessment of how  Vietnamese people, the vast majority living in rural areas, are faring with respect to the range of social indicators that comprise the MDGs. Viet Nam’s commitment to the global goals of the MDGs will bemore

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Brochure: UNDP Viet Nam working for growth with equity

Viet Nam has seen great progress in economic and social development, yet increasing disparities are emerging. In this phase of Viet Nam's development – rapid international integration, ever-increasing GDP and a goal to reach middle income status by 2010 – the priority is to ensure that this growthmore

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Brochure: UNDP in Viet Nam

During the last 15 years Viet Nam has witnessed rapid economic growth and a sharp reduction in poverty. By 2010, Viet Nam aims to become a middle income country. Yet growth is not evenly distributed and disparities are emerging. more

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Business strategy during radical economic transition

The findings of the report show that most are struggling mightily with the challenge of strategic renewal.  Dramatic environmental change means adherence to the business strategies that worked in the 1990s is unsustainable. While most firms have yet to act significantly, the report identifiesmore

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Challenges to Youth Employment in Viet Nam

The United Nations estimates that one person in five is between the ages of 15 and 24 years.  The world’s youth is its future and investing in young people must be an integral part of the global developmental agenda.  Target 16 of Millennium Development Goal 8 calls for a globalmore

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Choosing Success: The Lessons of East and Southeast Asia and Viet Nam's Future

A Policy Framework for Viet Nam's Socioeconomic Development, 2011-2020 This paper was prepared at the request of Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung by Harvard's Kennedy School of Government with support from UNDP Viet Nam. The Prime Minister requested a critical analysis of Viet Nam's draftmore

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Competitiveness and the Impacts of Trade Liberalization in Viet Nam: The Case of Telecommunications

The study Competitiveness and the Impact of Trade Liberalization in Viet Nam: the Case of Telecommunications was conducted in 2004 and 2005, in the framework of the project “Capacity Strengthening to Manage and Promote Trade in Services in Viet Nam in the Context of Integration” (or “Trade inmore

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Credit and Trust: Fruit Markets in the Mekong Delta

The economic literature suggests that in markets where legal institutions are weak, such as Viet Nam, parties will rely on private ordering to assure performance of complex transactions. This paper examines fruit  markets  in  the  Mekong Delta. While  transactions more

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Discretionary Rules: Anti-dumping and Viet Nam's Non-market Economy Status

Dumping is defined as the setting of export prices below domestic prices, thus causing harm to industries in the importing country. Any investigation method yielding increased domestic prices increases the likelihood of affirmative dumping determinations. As tariff and non-tariff barriers aremore

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East Asia: From Miracle to Crisis - Key Lessons for Viet Nam

This second edition of East Asia: From Miracle to Crisis builds upon the analysis of the first edition published in June 1998. The first edition outlined some of the most important positive and negative lessons from the East Asian development experience over the past forty years, includingmore

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Engaging Parliaments in the Millennium Development Goals: A Key Part of National MDG Strategies

The Millennium Declaration marks a watershed in the history of the United Nations and the struggle against poverty and want. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) included within the Declaration sets out concrete, global development objectives and, for the first time, a timetable for theirmore

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Evaluating the impacts of the current economic slowdown on unemployment in Viet Nam

This paper examines the impacts of the current economic slowdown on employment generation and unemployment in Vietnam. The study reports that as the country has experienced a slowdown, there would be an employment shortfall of around half million jobs in 2009. And if the growth prospect of 2010 ismore

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FDI inflows to South, East, and South-East Asia achieve new high - Viet Nam follows the trend but investment in infrastructure and workforce still needed

Ha Noi, October 17, 2006 - Foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows to South, East, and South-East Asia, including Oceania, reached a new high of US$165 billion in 2005, a 19% increase over 2004, according to UNCTAD's World Investment Report 2006, FDI from Developing and Transitionmore

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Fact Sheet: Support to Financial Policy Analysis (FPAII)

The project will support the implementation of the Policy Advisory Group work plan as approved by the Minister of Finance, focusing on priority areas outlined in the Socio-Economic Development Plan 2006-2010. more

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Final report analysis of the P135-II baseline survey

Vietnam has achieved unprecedented reductions in poverty over the past two decades. The Government has allocated substantial investment resources for development of ethnic minority and mountainous areas – largely targeting at poor households through various policies, programmes and projects. Withmore

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GEF/SGP Programme Review Report

 Founded in 1991, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) is a financial mechanism that provides grant and confessional funds to developing countries and those with economies in transition. Funds are used for projects and activities that aim to protect the global environment related to the GEFmore

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Gender Defferences in the Transitional Economy of Viet Nam

The report explores the gender differences in key sectors of development and attempts to define broad policy directions. The research findings show that important gender equality achievements have been made and in some areas, the situation of women and girls is actually better than for men andmore

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Getting to work

This paper addresses issues related to the mobilization and use of labour in Vietnam and its relation to urbanization processes occurring in the country. Researched and written in tandem with a companion paper entitled ‘A robust harvest: strategic choices for agricultural and rural development inmore

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Globalisation, Gender and Work in the Context of Economic Transition: The Case of Viet Nam

This paper is concerned with the gender and poverty implications of globalisation in the context ofViet Nam. There is a growing literature on these linkages as they play out in countries that are moving or have moved from more to less regulated market economies. What is different about themore

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Health Care Financing for Viet Nam

The “doi moi” reforms launched in 1986, marked a shift from a centrally planned to a “socialist oriented market economy under State management”. Although this process led to marked improvements in overall well being for most of the people of Viet Nam, many still live at risk ofmore

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Health insurance in Viet Nam towards universal coverage: The case of the workers of the informal sector

The 2008 Law on Health Insurance targets comprehensive health insurance coverage by 2014. In 2009, health insurance was expanded to 58.4% of the population, demonstrating the efforts of the Government to expand the provision of health care. However, extending the coverage of health insurance to themore

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High Time for Another Breakthrough: Review of the Enterprise Law and Recommendations for Change

The report assesses the content of each provision and section of the Enterprise Law.  As a result, the report is organized according to the same structure as the EL itself.  The extent to which each provision is assessed depends on the level of problems that have arisen frommore

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History or policy: Why don't northern provinces grow faster?

The contrast of the relatively weaker economic performance of provinces around the Ha Noi–Hai Phong axis to the provinces around Ho Chi Minh City serves as the basis of an analysis of investment conditions and factor markets from which all provinces across Viet Nam may wellmore

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Ho Chi Minh City: The challenges of growth

Viet Nam’s transformation over the past two decades from a least developed, transitional economy to a middle-income country has taken place hand in hand with a process of rapid urbanization. The most recent census data for 2009 places Viet Nam’s urban population at well over 25 million, accountingmore

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How Progressive is Social Security in Viet Nam?

This report for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Ha Noi follows up on their Policy Dialogue  Paper  entitled  'Beyond  HEPR: A  Framework  for  an  Integrated  National  Systemof Social Security in Viet  Nam' publishedmore

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Impact of HIV/AIDS on household vulnerability and poverty in Viet Nam

AIDS is a development issue and to address it as such a full understanding of the epidemic’s socio-economic impacts is of crucial importance. In countries like Viet Nam, where the prevalence and general macro-economic impact of HIV is still low, the epidemic has nevertheless the power to reduce andmore

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Impact of HIV/AIDS on household vulnerability and poverty in Viet Nam

HIV/AIDS affects people in every province and virtually every community of Viet Nam. If left unchecked, the epidemic has the potential to reverse the nation’s remarkable achievements in poverty reduction.  Viet Nam has taken steps to develop an effective national response to reduce HIV/AIDS.more

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Impact of Program 135-phase II through the lens of baseline and endline surveys

To increase the opportunities for poor households to benefit from economic growth, the government has introduced many poverty reduction programs for specific targeted poor household groups and regions. These programs include P-135 and P30a(improving the living conditions of ethnic minorities),more

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Impacts of Basic Public Services Liberalization on the Poor and Marginalized People: The Case of Health, Education and Electricity in Viet Nam

Fundamentally, Viet Nam is still an agricultural country with over 78 percent of the population living in rural areas and  often in isolated mountainous regions, many of whom belong to ethnic minority groups.  People living in poverty in Viet Nam are essentially themore

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Integration the CPRGS into Local Socio-economic Development Plan: Experiences from Tra Vinh

The Government of Viet Nam has articulated its development vision for the decade in the Ten year Socio- Economic Development Strategy (SEDS - 2001-2010). This document endorsed at the Ninth Party Congress in 2001 - lays out a path of transition towards a “market economy with socialist orientation”more

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International Economic Integration, Competitiveness and Rural Livelihoods in Viet Nam

Over the past decade, Viet Nam has demonstrated that its agriculture is competitive internationally in that it has been able to grow its share of the world market in a number of important agricultural commodities. However, recent falls in the world prices of the majority of Vietmore

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International conference proceedings economic reforms for inclusive and sustainable growth

International experience and lessons for Viet Nam Back in the mid-1980s, when the country made big choices that shape its transformation to a modern and secure nation. Vietnam’s performance in the post transition period has been truly outstanding. Setting the pattern on a high growth path of aboutmore

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Key Issues in Viet Nam's Fight Against HIV/AIDS

No government alone has the capacity to respond to the challenges HIV/AIDS poses. In Viet Nam, a wide Community of Concerned Partners—ranging from multilateral and bilateral donors to foundations to international and local NGOs—actively supports Viet Nam and its people in the fightmore

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Leveraging Change for Better Lives: UNDP in Asia and the Pacific

Asia and the Pacific’s unparalleled economic performance overall in the past decade has resulted in dramatically decreased levels in poverty. Already, the region has reached the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of halving poverty by 2015. Eight countries of the region have moved from low-income tomore

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Localizing MDGs for Poverty Reduction in Viet Nam: Ensuring Environmental Sustainability

This series of papers on the Viet Nam Development Goals (VDGs) reflects a collective effort by the Poverty Task Force to propose a set of goals and intermediate indicators, which represent both the core developmental vision of Viet Nam as well as the Government’s efforts to meetmore

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Localizing MDGs for Poverty Reduction in Viet Nam: Promoting Ethnic Minority Development

This series of papers on the Viet Nam Development Goals (VDGs) reflects a collective effort by the Poverty Task Force to propose a set of goals and intermediate indicators, which represent both the core developmental vision of Viet Nam as well as the Government’s efforts to meetmore

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Macroeconomic determinants of Vietnam’s inflation 2000-2010: evidence and analysis

In this study, the authors use an evidence based approach to identify and analyze the key drivers of inflation in Vietnam in recent years.  The literature on inflation in Vietnam focuses mainly on the demand-pull factors of inflation and ignores the cost-push factors. The only considerationmore

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Managing risk and attaining equitable growth

Within the framework of the UNDP-supported project “Support for Formulation of Socio-Economic Development Strategy 2011-2020” (project number 00050577), a series of research initiatives have been conducted, which have been reviewed by the SEDS Drafting Team, policy-makers, and representatives frommore

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Mid-term review of programme 135-II, 2006 - 2008

The program scores well in terms of relevance and effectiveness and reasonably well in terms of benefi ciaries’ perceptions and quality of service delivery, targeting effi cacy and effi ciency in programme management and implementation. The best performing project is infrastructural developmentmore

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Mid-term review report for implementation of the five-year socio-economic development plan 2006-2010

In an effort to better monitor how Viet Nam is progressing toward achieving its socio-economic objectives, the result-based evaluation framework has been applied in the mid-term review of the implementation of the five year 2006-2010 socio-economic development plan. This report covers assessment ofmore

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Millennium Development Goals 2010 National Report

The Millenium Development Goals, set to be accomplished by 2015, are one of the most significant items to come out of the Millennium Declaration, signed by 189 Heads of State at the United Nations Summit in September 2000. Since then, the commitments made in the Declaration have been consistentlymore

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Millennium Development Goals: Closing the Millennium Gaps

Closing the Millennium Gaps is about further building upon the impressive progress achieved in improving human well-being in Viet Nam over the past decade, while at the same time broadening the development process to include those being left behind, and reversing wideningmore

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Overview of Official Development Assistance in Viet Nam

This year’s Overview of Official Development Assistance in Viet Nam contains four main sections. The first section reviews the trends in global ODA flows and developments in the international thinking on ODA. Against this background, the second section provides a detailed analysis of themore

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Overview of Official Development Assistance in Viet Nam

According to the latest available data and information, annual ODA disbursements to Viet Nam could reach as high as US$1.6 billion in 2003, up some 14% from US$1.4 billion in 2002. Available data for the first eleven months of 2003 indicate that disbursements have already reached close tomore

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Overview of Official Development Assistance in Viet Nam

According to the latest available information, annual ODA disbursements could reach as high as US$1.5 billion in 2002, up some 9% from US$1.36 billion in 2001. However, this will depend very heavily upon disbursement rates in the last two months of the year. By end-October 2002, available officialmore

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Overview of Official Development Assistance in Viet Nam

Disbursement of Official Development Assistance (ODA) rose sharply in 2003 according to data compiled by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The increase in US dollar terms reflects higher spending among top donors and the appreciation of non-dollar currencies, particularly themore

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Paying for Urban Infrastructure and Services: A Comparative Study of Municipal Finance in Ho Chi Minh City, Shanghai and Jakarta

The objectives of this study are to:  analyze past trends and current practices in the generation and allocation of resources for the financing of municipal infrastructure and services in HCMC; perform the same analysis for Shanghai and Jakarta, and compare the results with the performance tomore

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Poverty Situation Analysis Of Ethnic Minorities in Vietnam 2007-2012

Key Findings from Quantitative Study Vietnam has achieved remarkable results in poverty reduction but the progress of poverty reduction varies greatly among different ethnic groups. Some research studies have shown that economic growth and poverty reduction have not obtained significant successmore

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Poverty of ethnic minorities in Viet Nam: Situation and Challenges in Programme 135 Phase II communes

Using data from a high quality household survey for the Government’s Programme 135 Phase II (2006-2011) and other quantitative and qualitative sources, the authors of this report have set out to describe in detail the features of ethnic minority poverty and the restraints to ethnic minoritymore

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Pro-poor Growth and policies

A number of studies have attempted to analyze the relationship between economic growth and poverty incidence across countries and time periods (see Ravallion and Chen (1997), Bruno, Ravallion and Squire (1998) and Adams (2003)). It has been estimated that, on average, a one percentage pointmore

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Proceedings from the international Policy on Transition Economies

The conference discussion and related papers produced seven broad lessons relating to the transition process. First, the conference recognized the critical importance of political and macroeconomic stability in enabling effective microeconomic market reforms, deregulation and the development ofmore

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Promoting Rapid, Sustainable and Pro-poor Economic Growth for Achieving Millennium Development Goals in Viet Nam

This synthesis paper summarises findings of selected studies on the broad topics of rapid, sustainable and pro-poor growth in Viet Nam and in Asia towards achieving the MDGs carried out and/or commissioned by the UNDP’s Asia-Pacific Regional Programme on the Macroeconomics of Poverty Reduction,more

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Provincial Extralegal Investment Incentives in the Context of Decentralisation in Viet Nam: Mutually Beneficial or a Race to the Bottom?

Between 2001 and 2005, local governments in 32 of Viet Nam's 64 provinces were reported to have violated the central government's investment policies by providing extralegal incentives to foreign investors. The remarkably widespread nature of the violations, referred to here as "investmentmore

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Reduction of HIV/AIDS Related Employment Discrimination in Viet Nam

HIV/AIDS is a crisis for the world and for Viet Nam. Here in Viet Nam, HIV/AIDS is a crisis on many levels and is affecting the entire nation and its prospects for continued sustainable economic growth. Approximately 1 out of every 75 households already has a family member living withmore

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Review and analysis of current ethinic minority policies recommendations for development of ethnic minority policy framework toward 2020

Designing the overall policy framework for a rapid and sustainable socio-economic development of ethnic minority areas in the coming time requires related authorities to comprehensively review and analyze current ethnic policies as well as programs for ethnic minority development. Besides, it ismore

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Situation and policy recommendations for land management and use in ethnic minority and mountainous areas

Land policies have an important role to resolve the poverty and social unrest problems for ethnic minorities. Ethnic minorities usually depend on agriculture production in association with land for their living; the ability to switch to other jobs is very low. Most of EMs live with agriculture withmore

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Status of ethnic minority human resources and recommended solutions for human resource development in ethnic minority and mountainous areas

This is a short summary of research “Status of ethnic minority human resources and recommended solutions for human resource development in ethnic minority and mountainous areas” commissioned by the EMPCD - a CEMA/UNDP project to Strengthen Capacity in EM Policy Formulation, Implementation andmore

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Study on the Competitiveness and Impacts of Liberalization in Financial Services: The Case of Insurance Services

This is one of a series of studies on Competitiveness and the Impact of Trade in Services Liberalization in Viet Nam, conducted in the framework of the project “Capacity Strengthening to Manage and Promote Trade in Services in Viet Nam in the Context of Integration” (or “Trade in Services” Projectmore

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Study on the Competitiveness and Impacts of Libralization of Financial Services: The Case of Banking Services

This is one of a series of studies on Competitiveness and the Impact of Trade in Services Liberalization in Viet Nam, conducted in the framework of the project “Capacity Strengthening to Manage and Promote Trade in Services in Viet Nam in the Context of Integration” (or “Trade in Services” Projectmore

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Taking Stock, Planning Ahead: Evaluation of the national Targeted Programme on Hunger Eradication and poverty Reduction and Programme 135

This evaluation report of the National Targeted Programme on Hunger Eradication and Poverty Reduction and Programme 135 acknowledges the achievements of both programmes. But in order to improve the programmes in the future, the report also highlights some issues for the next phase from 2006-2010,more

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The Chu Lai Open Economic Zone and Rural Development: Central Planning’s Laboratory for Policy and Institutional Innovation

This paper examines the experience of the Chu Lai Open Economic Zone in Quang Nam province to distill some lessons about the performance of EPZs as a policy instrument to stimulate rural development. The paper argues that local officials have invested too much time and money in the attempt tomore

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The MDGs and Viet Nam's Socio-Economic Development Plan 2006-2010

The aim of this report is to consider the national objectives from the perspective of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and to suggest concrete indicators of social progress relevant to both the MDGs and Viet Nam’s specific socio-economic conditions. This publication wasmore

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The Macroeconomics of Poverty Reduction: The Case Study of Viet Nam - Seeking Equity within Growth

This report is part of the United Nations Development Programme’s Regional Programme for Asia on the macroeconomics of poverty reduction. The programme is on-going, and at the time this report was published on the UNDP website seven case studies had been completed (Bangladesh, Cambodia,more

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The Regional Poverty Assessment: Mekong River Regional

This report pulls together qualitative poverty assessment using information from the provincial participatory poverty assessments and quantitative analysis based on data from the VHLSS and other studies and sources of information such as data of the Rural and agricultural Census 2001, Nationalmore

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The Relationship Between Old Age and Poverty in Viet Nam

This  is  the  second  of  two  reports  written  for  the  United  Nations Development  Programme  in Viet  Nam  to explore the issues ofmore

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The State as Investor: Equitisation, Privatisation and the Transformation of SOEs in Viet Nam

This paper takes the government’s statement that equitisation is not always privatisation as a starting point to explore the history of state-owned enterprise (SOE) reform. In the 1980s and early 1990s the Government of Viet Nam framed a variegated strategy for state enterprises. The assetmore

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The Top 200: Industrial Strategies of Viet Nam’s Largest Firms

Viet Nam’s largest firms are big compared to other firms in Viet Nam but in global terms they are more akin to small and medium sized enterprises. Nevertheless, the Top 200 firms account for sizeable shares of labour, assets, turnover and tax across ownership categories (state, private,more

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The global economic crisis and its long-run implications for Viet Nam

In Viet Nam, as elsewhere in the developing world, questions are being raised about the viability and appropriateness of an outward‐oriented development strategy in the wake of ongoing global economic crisis. Globalization was the driving force of growth in many developing countries in the decadesmore

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UNDP Viet Nam Technical Note - Employment Elasticities

The past few months have seen a constant flow of news reporting on the unfolding global financial and economic crisis afflicting the World economy and on its likely impact on Viet Nam. More recently, the Vietnamese press has started to report on the first symptoms of the crisis in Viet Nam, withmore

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United Nations Common Country Assessment for Viet Nam

This Common Country Assessment (CCA) presents the United Nations agencies’ shared analysis ofViet Nam’s recent development achievements and remaining challenges over the medium-term. The document is the product of an extensive consultation process within the United Nations system and with themore

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United nations Strategic Priorities on HIV/AIDS in Viet Nam

HIV/AIDS is sweeping away years of progress and development in many countries all over the world. In Viet Nam the epidemic is still in an early stage, however available data on the infection shows that there is no time for complacency; it is urgent to act with effective interventions tomore

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Urban poverty assessment in Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh City

To implement their poverty reduction and development programmes/policies, Ha Noi and Hochiminh City have made considerable efforts and initiatives to be able to identify poor households, including migrant households. The Ha Noi Department of Labor, Invalids, and Social Affairs has conducted manymore

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User fees, financial autonomy and access to social services in Viet Nam

Recently the government has granted financial and managerial autonomy to the revenue-raising public service entities, including government health facilities and schools. The Decree on Financial Autonomy (Decree 10) grants sweeping powers to revenue-raising public agencies to manage their revenuemore

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Viet Nam Top 200 Methodology and Data Issues

This note explains the methodology used to identify the largest firms in Viet Nam. It also discusses some issues with the data and the efforts made to correct where possible. The annual General Statistics Office (GSO) Enterprise Survey was used to determine the largest firms. The firm list formore

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Viet Nam achieving the millennium development goals

This first national report reviews the implementation of MDGs. The report focuses on presenting the achievements, analyzing reasons for success and identifying emerging challenges to reach each goal, and offers policy recommendations to accelerate the effective implementation of MDGs, in line withmore

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Viet Nam continues to achieve the millennium development goals

The report offers the Government’s perspective and Viet Nam position on global development issues and the Millennium Declaration. The report clearly shows progress made in Viet Nam towards the Millennium Development Goals. The report demonstrates Viet Nam commitment and efforts to move towardsmore

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Viet Nam in ASEAN: Regional Integration Process and Challenges

This book presents a comprehensive survey of Viet Nam’s trade regime, the commitments to change that regime as a member of ASEAN, and the progress made to date. That progress has been less than might have been hoped for, but it has nevertheless been positive. In forthcoming years, importantmore

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Viet Nam’s Economy: Success Story or Weird Dualism?

A SWOT Analysis The role of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Viet Nam has often been to provide the Government and the international development community with valuable alternative policy perspectives to help further advance Viet Nam’s impressive development process. It is inmore

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Viet Nam’s industrial policy: Designing policies for sustainable development

Viet Nam has made a remarkable transition since 1989 from a centrally planned economy dominated by the administrative allocation of resources to an economy largely governed by market forces. It has accomplished this transition while avoiding the sharp fall in GDP and industrial output that occurredmore

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Viet Nam’s infrastructure constraints

During the past decade total infrastructure investment in Viet Nam has, on average, accounted for more than ten percent of GDP, putting it ahead of most East Asian economies, which are renowned for their high level of infrastructure investment. This remarkably high level of investment has resultedmore

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hdr 2014

According to income-based measures of poverty, 1.2 billion people live with $1.25 or less a day. However, according to the UNDP Multidimensional Poverty Index, almost 1.5 billion people in 91 developing countries are living in poverty with overlapping deprivations in health, education and livingmore

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OUR WORK - POVERTY REDUCTION

Viet Nam has achieved significant economic, social and poverty reduction successes, yet widening inequalities and disparities are emerging. To meet these challenges, UNDP is working to promote inclusive and equitable development in Viet Nam and respond to Government needs to address national development priorities. We support high-quality policy research, facilitate debates and help identify suitable solutions for Viet Nam to design and implement more inclusive development policies, national poverty reduction and social assistance programmes targeting the poorest women and men. UNDP is also strengthening national capacity to monitor socio-economic and human development along with MDG progress. The right-based development and participation of the vulnerable women and men in the development process is an emphasis in all programmatic support areas.

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