Strengthening Institutional Capacity for Disaster Risk Management in Viet Nam, including Climate Change related Disasters
Disaster risk management (DRM) is becoming increasingly pertinent as climate change (CC) is worsening recurrent natural disasters such as floods, storms and typhoons. Climate change is now a scientifically established fact and Viet Nam is one of the most affected countries by CC. Climate change is now seen as a threat to Human Development. The government of Viet Nam has estimated that accumulated flash floods accounted for more than 6% of deaths and 5% of total economic losses over the last ten years. The issue of CC is now high on the agenda of the Government as demonstrated by the ongoing formulation of a Viet Nam's National Target Programme to Respond to Climate Change (NTP RCC). Although this NTP addresses all aspects of CC, including adaptation in various sectors and greenhouse gas mitigation, the increased risks for natural disasters associated with CC need to be addressed.
Viet Nam has a well established DRM mechanism and system from the central to local levels which is largely related to hydro-meteorological hazards. Given the current trends and predictions for climate change - and the fact that Viet Nam is likely to be one of the most severely affected countries globally – further consideration and improvement of the current DRM set-up is crucial if the Government and civil society are to be able to meet the rising challenges.
This project aims to work in three different provinces with the provincial governments to strengthen institutional capacity and develop greater knowledge and expertise on disaster risk management issues. It supports the objectives of the National Strategy for Disaster Prevention, Response and Mitigation to 2020 and the Action Plan Framework for Adaptation to Climate Change in the Agriculture and Rural Development Sector Period 2008-2020 prepared by MARD, as well as the National Target Program to Respond to Climate Change prepared by Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment (MONRE) in consultation with MARD.
What are the project's key results?
- Support to disaster risk management (DRM) legislation and guidelines to implement the National Strategy for Disaster Prevention, Response and Mitigation to 2020 and ensuring consistency with climate change action plans;
- Support the formulation and issuance of national guidelines and standards to improve emergency response supply and distribution of food and drugs with focus on the most vulnerable groups (i.e. children, women, and the elderly) and recovery;
- Analyse the linkages between poverty and vulnerability and make concrete recommendations on insurance options (financial disaster risk transfer) for improving insurance-related policies and regulation by authorities and enabling implementation by insurance companies;
- Strengthen coordination and collaboration for policy development, early warning, and response
- Design of a central level DRM Centre, and three provincial level DRM Centres;
- Establish a central level DRM Centre, and three provincial level DRM Centres;
- Strengthen DRM capacities of key staff, of new DRM Centres and local Central Flood and Storm Control (CFSC) partner agencies.
Finance, Executing and Implementing Agency
||US$4,000,000 from UNDP and 250,000 in kind local contribution
||Department of Dyke Management and Flood and Storm Control (DDMFSC), Disaster Management Centre (DMC) and People’s Committees of Binh Thuan, Can Tho and Cao Bang provinces
||Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam
Delivery in Previous Fiscal Year