The Government has made a strong commitment to eradicate hunger and halve the poverty rate by 2015. To help achieve this target, in September 2001, the Government approved a five-year, $2 billion national targeted programme on hunger eradication, poverty reduction and job creation (NTP HEPR-JC).
SLGP implements a range of innovations linked to local government planning, budgeting and management of development resources in four pilot provinces. It does so in accordance with the existing national policy framework, as defined by laws and other statutory regulations.
Under the three-year Joint Programme (JP) on Gender Equality (GE), the following twelve UN agencies and Programmes: FAO, ILO, IOM, UNAIDS, UNDP, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNICEF, UNIDO, UNIFEM, UNODC, and WHO; in partnership with the Government of Vietnam, will provide strategic, coordinated and multi-sectoral capacity building and technical assistance to build the capacity of national and provincial duty bearers so that they can better implement, monitor, evaluate and report on the Law on Gender Equality (GEL) and the Law on Domestic Violence Prevention and Control (DVL) from 2009-2011.
Public administration reform (PAR) lies at the heart of Viet Nam’s effort to move towards people-centered development. The reforms are vital to ensure the linkage between economic growth and poverty reduction, and for the country’s further integration into regional and international economic systems. The PAR Master Programme (2001 – 2010) presents a holistic and systematic approach to address both urgent and fundamental issues vital to Viet Nam’s development agenda.
Annual and 5 Year Socio-Economic Development Plans (SEDPs) play a key role in the development process of Vietnam at both national and sub-national levels. However, the implementation of SEDPs in the past often went without proper Monitoring & Evaluation (M&E) and was considered a factor contributing to its low effectiveness and efficiency.
The Viet Nam Lawyers Association (VLA) is a “political, social, professional association” under the Viet Nam Union of Science and Technology Associations (VUSTA). It has 32,000 members, including diversified legal professionals. The broad mandate, extensive membership base, and direct access to decision-making on judicial and legal reform issues gives the VLA a potentially very significant role in the country’s efforts to promote the rule of law and access to justice for all.
This project builds on the success of the National Strategy and Action Plan for Water Disaster Mitigation, which established the first nationwide water disaster information and monitoring system. It takes the lessons learned in water disaster management and applies them to non-water and man-made disasters, from the provincial level down to districts and communes.
Disaster risk management (DRM) is becoming increasingly pertinent as climate change (CC) is worsening recurrent natural disasters such as floods, storms and typhoons. Climate change is now a scientifically established fact and Viet Nam is one of the most affected countries by CC. Climate change is now seen as a threat to Human Development. The government of Viet Nam has estimated that accumulated flash floods accounted for more than 6% of deaths and 5% of total economic losses over the last ten years. The issue of CC is now high on the agenda of the Government as demonstrated by the ongoing formulation of a Viet Nam's National Target Programme to Respond to Climate Change (NTP RCC). Although this NTP addresses all aspects of CC, including adaptation in various sectors and greenhouse gas mitigation, the increased risks for natural disasters associated with CC need to be addressed.
The outbreak of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza (HPAI) in Viet Nam was first detected in December 2003. To date ten countries, areas or territories in the region have recorded outbreaks of HPAI; Viet Nam has the highest rate of infection and the largest number of transmissions to humans. The Government has actively tried to control the outbreaks by destroying a large number of bird populations but despite these measures, HPAI is still wide-spread. The negative economic impact for farmers and poultry producers and the potential risk to human health in case of widespread transmission to humans, threatens to seriously undermine the economic and social development progress achieved by Viet Nam in recent years. Furthermore, HPAI is a transboundary problem and represents a serious global health threat of potential pandemic proportions.