Poverty Reductions

  • In line with the Government of Vietnam’s priority for addressing the remaining “pockets of poverty” in the country and UNDP’s priority to promote pro-poor policies, this project will strengthen the capacities of the Committee on Ethnic Minority Affairs (CEMA) and 3 selected provincial Departments on Ethnic Minority Affairs (DEMA). A recent capacity assessment of CEMA and its provincial representations confirmed the existence of several capacity constraints that prevent the agency from performing it tasks efficiently and effectively. This project will address the following areas of capacity constraints that were identified in the assessment

  • This project will contribute to the UN One Plan’s Outcome 1: “social and economic development policies, plans and laws support equitable and inclusive growth and conform to the values and goals of the Millennium Declaration and other relevant international agreements and conventions” and the Country Programme Output 1.10 “knowledge increased and policy options identified to promote more pro-poor public finance policies that take into account the impacts of trade liberalisation and financial reforms”.

  • It has been shown that VHLSS misses an important proportion of potentially vulnerable households in the cities (unregistered migrants), partly due to inappropriate sampling techniques for urban areas. Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh Cities have attempted to properly identify those poor households: Ha Noi Department of Labour War Invalids and Social Affairs conducted ‘reviews’ of the list of poor households among the households with regular residence registrations (KT1 and KT2) in concurrence to MOLISA guidelines and the city poverty line. In Ho Chi Minh City, attempts were made to capture not only household with regular residence, but also households with temporary residence registration (KT3). Nevertheless, none of these initiatives tried to identify seasonal workers (KT4) or simply unregistered short or long term migrants.

Democratic Governance

  • Public administration reform (PAR) lies at the heart of Viet Nam’s effort to move towards people-centered development. The reforms are vital to ensure the linkage between economic growth and poverty reduction, and for the country’s further integration into regional and international economic systems. The PAR Master Programme (2001 – 2010) presents a holistic and systematic approach to address both urgent and fundamental issues vital to Viet Nam’s development agenda.

  • Annual and 5 Year Socio-Economic Development Plans (SEDPs) play a key role in the development process of Vietnam at both national and sub-national levels. However, the implementation of SEDPs in the past often went without proper Monitoring & Evaluation (M&E) and was considered a factor contributing to its low effectiveness and efficiency.

  • The Viet Nam Lawyers Association (VLA) is a “political, social, professional association” under the Viet Nam Union of Science and Technology Associations (VUSTA). It has 32,000 members, including diversified legal professionals. The broad mandate, extensive membership base, and direct access to decision-making on judicial and legal reform issues gives the VLA a potentially very significant role in the country’s efforts to promote the rule of law and access to justice for all.

Environment, Climate Change & Disasters

  • This project builds on the success of the National Strategy and Action Plan for Water Disaster Mitigation, which established the first nationwide water disaster information and monitoring system. It takes the lessons learned in water disaster management and applies them to non-water and man-made disasters, from the provincial level down to districts and communes.

  • Disaster risk management (DRM) is becoming increasingly pertinent as climate change (CC) is worsening recurrent natural disasters such as floods, storms and typhoons. Climate change is now a scientifically established fact and Viet Nam is one of the most affected countries by CC. Climate change is now seen as a threat to Human Development. The government of Viet Nam has estimated that accumulated flash floods accounted for more than 6% of deaths and 5% of total economic losses over the last ten years. The issue of CC is now high on the agenda of the Government as demonstrated by the ongoing formulation of a Viet Nam's National Target Programme to Respond to Climate Change (NTP RCC). Although this NTP addresses all aspects of CC, including adaptation in various sectors and greenhouse gas mitigation, the increased risks for natural disasters associated with CC need to be addressed.

  • The outbreak of highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza (HPAI) in Viet Nam was first detected in December 2003. To date ten countries, areas or territories in the region have recorded outbreaks of HPAI; Viet Nam has the highest rate of infection and the largest number of transmissions to humans. The Government has actively tried to control the outbreaks by destroying a large number of bird populations but despite these measures, HPAI is still wide-spread. The negative economic impact for farmers and poultry producers and the potential risk to human health in case of widespread transmission to humans, threatens to seriously undermine the economic and social development progress achieved by Viet Nam in recent years. Furthermore, HPAI is a transboundary problem and represents a serious global health threat of potential pandemic proportions.

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