The specific project objective is to strengthen the capacity of policy makers and stakeholders in the industry sector to reduce GHG emissions, enhance climate resilience and exploit associated green trade opportunities. The project will address this by removing barriers that are restricting industrial enterprises in Viet Nam to adopt technologies, industrial processes, business and trade practices to improve resource efficiency, which results in reduced GHG emissions, enhanced resilience to climate change impacts and improved productivity and competitiveness in national and international markets. The project will begin by identifying the policy and market barriers to more resource efficient – or more sustainable – industrial production through analysis of the entire value chain associated with selected industrial products, as well as the operation of the industrial process. On the basis of this analysis, and an assessment of international best practice, the project will demonstrate the practical steps policy makers can take to improve the incentives for industry to invest in sustainable industrial production. It will also highlight the opportunities that exist for business to invest in sustainable industrial production, including industrial enterprises, as well as financial institutions and consulting firms providing a service to industry.
Viet Nam is one of the world’s ten most biologically diverse countries- it contains about ten percent of the world’s species though covering less than 1% of global land area. Whilst virtually all protected areas in Viet Nam were designated as Special-use Forests, this will change in 2009, with the passage of the “Law on Biodiversity” that will come into effect on 1st July, 2009 Viet Nam will have four types of PAs which will apply to all ecosystems: National Parks, Nature reserves, Wildlife reserves, and Landscape protection zones. In common with the situation in many developing countries, threats to biodiversity in Viet Nam can be ascribed to two basic processes: loss of natural ecosystems; and degradation of natural ecosystems.
TCDD (tetra chloro dibenzo-dioxin, aka dioxin) contamination in Viet Nam originates from the armed conflict during the period 1961-1971, when herbicides were used to defoliate forests and mangroves, clear perimeters of military installations and destroy crops. The TCDD contamination has created very serious environmental effects and health risks. Studies in Viet Nam and from other highly contaminated sites throughout the world have shown that Viet Nam has among the worst TCDD contaminated sites in the world.
Rapid economic growth in Viet Nam over a sustained period has seen demand for energy begin to exceed supply. If left unchecked, this could put a brake on the steady growth of the economy and threaten the continual gains towards poverty reduction this has brought Viet Nam.
Key results 2009: During the course of 2009 the project commenced operations. During the inception phase and initial roll out the following activities were implemented: 1. Inception report finished and agreed upon; the inception report laid out the conceptual framework for the project; 2. Initiated an assessment on impacts of mainstreaming sustainable development in the Social Economic Development Plan 2006-2010; 3. Agreed and develop a priority agenda of 8 priority issues which MPI is facing and need to be addressed by the project; 4. Organized a Policy Dialogue with international donors on financial mechanism to support Sustainable Development and Climate Change Responses; 5. Organized a Policy Update for senior staff of the Party Central Office on “Sustainable Development and Climate Change”.
The UNDP Vietnam, working in close partnership with MARD, Oxfam, the Vietnamese Red Cross and Vietnamese Women’s Union, is engaged with the development of implementation guidelines, an M&E framework, training materials and financial implementation modalities. In addition the UN has taken a lead in providing support to the Government with the drafting of the law on disaster risk management through activities implemented with MARD. The law on disaster risk management embeds international commitments, such as the Hyogo Framework for Action and the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response, to address the needs of those at risk.
The initiative, Strengthening Capacity and Institutional Reform for Green Growth and Sustainable Development in Viet Nam (CIGG), builds on earlier partnerships between the Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI) and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), and will build capacity to advance green growth by strengthening policies, regulations and technical guidance for the implementation of the Viet Nam Green Growth Strategy and Action Plan.
In line with recommendations from the UNFCCC 16th COP held in Cancun in 2011 that REDD+ activities be implemented in phases, this UN-REDD Viet Nam Phase II Programme (“Programme”) is broadly equivalent to the Cancun second phase, in which countries are to focus on “the implementation of national policies and measures and national strategies or action plans that could involve further capacity-building, technology development and transfer and results-based demonstration activities”. The estimated implementation period of the Programme is three years from early 2013 (or as soon as preparation for implementation is completed.)