Environment, Climate Change & Disasters

  • Vietnam/UNDP/UNEP Partnership initiative for the integration of sound management of chemicals in development planning and processesAs Vietnam continues to modernize its economy, management of chemical production, trade and use will play an important role in Vietnam’s efforts in maximizing economic growth while protecting environment. The practice shows that insufficient prevention measures, low awareness within the industrial and agricultural sectors especially decision makers about chemical risk, environmental and health safety procedures results in increased levels of pollution, industrial related accidents and spills that have for example resulted in fish die-off, loss of biodiversity, contamination of important drinking water sources, contamination of aquaculture and marine resources.

  • Support to knowledge management and policy dialogue through the partnership on avian and pandemic influenza (KMP-API)Avian influenza viruses of the H5N1 subtype emerged as a serious cause of disease in poultry and humans in Viet Nam in late 2003. The response activities undertaken over the past five years have been guided by the first National Integrated Operational Program for Avian and Human Influenza (OPI), 2006-2010.

  • Strengthening National Capacities to Respond to Climate Change in Viet Nam, Reducing Vulnerability and Controlling Green House Gases (GHG) EmissionsDevelopment goal Climate change policies, national targeted programme and action plans, including budgets and investment plans at national and provincial levels take full account of climate change challenges to minimize future social, economic and environmental vulnerability, and to control GHG emissions fulfilling obligations under multinational agreements, particularly the post-Kyoto framework.

  • Strengthening capacity on climate change initiatives in the Industry and Trade sectorsThe specific project objective is to strengthen the capacity of policy makers and stakeholders in the industry sector to reduce GHG emissions, enhance climate resilience and exploit associated green trade opportunities. The project will address this by removing barriers that are restricting industrial enterprises in Viet Nam to adopt technologies, industrial processes, business and trade practices to improve resource efficiency, which results in reduced GHG emissions, enhanced resilience to climate change impacts and improved productivity and competitiveness in national and international markets. The project will begin by identifying the policy and market barriers to more resource efficient – or more sustainable – industrial production through analysis of the entire value chain associated with selected industrial products, as well as the operation of the industrial process. On the basis of this analysis, and an assessment of international best practice, the project will demonstrate the practical steps policy makers can take to improve the incentives for industry to invest in sustainable industrial production. It will also highlight the opportunities that exist for business to invest in sustainable industrial production, including industrial enterprises, as well as financial institutions and consulting firms providing a service to industry.

  • Removing Barriers Hindering Protected Area Management Effectiveness in Viet NamViet Nam is one of the world’s ten most biologically diverse countries- it contains about ten percent of the world’s species though covering less than 1% of global land area. Whilst virtually all protected areas in Viet Nam were designated as Special-use Forests, this will change in 2009, with the passage of the “Law on Biodiversity” that will come into effect on 1st July, 2009 Viet Nam will have four types of PAs which will apply to all ecosystems: National Parks, Nature reserves, Wildlife reserves, and Landscape protection zones. In common with the situation in many developing countries, threats to biodiversity in Viet Nam can be ascribed to two basic processes: loss of natural ecosystems; and degradation of natural ecosystems.

  • Environmental Remediation of Dioxin Contaminated Hotspots in VietnamTCDD (tetra chloro dibenzo-dioxin, aka dioxin) contamination in Viet Nam originates from the armed conflict during the period 1961-1971, when herbicides were used to defoliate forests and mangroves, clear perimeters of military installations and destroy crops. The TCDD contamination has created very serious environmental effects and health risks. Studies in Viet Nam and from other highly contaminated sites throughout the world have shown that Viet Nam has among the worst TCDD contaminated sites in the world.

  • Developing national biodiversity strategy and action plan and mainstreaming biodiversity conservation into provincial planningVietnam is considered as one of the 16 most biologically diverse countries. Its biodiversity is however under threats which are often grouped as: (1) over-exploitation of plant and animal species, (2) habitat loss, (3) pollution, (4) invasive species, and (5) climate change. Underlying causes that are often deep rooted and complex are originated from urbanization; industrialization; local, regional and global economic trends; and on-going demographic changes in regions.

  • Demonstrating and promoting best techniques and practices for reducing healthcare waste to avoid environmental release of dioxin and mercuryEnvironmental contaminants of global concern include significant quantities of healthcare waste from the activities of healthcare facilities and services (e.g. hospitals, clinics, immunization campaigns, etc.) and healthcare waste treatment and disposal methods need to be applied. As health systems are strengthened and healthcare coverage expanded in developing countries through efforts to meet the Millennium Development Goals, the releases of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and other persistent toxic substances (PTS) to the environment can increase substantially. This is often an unintended consequence of choices in materials and processes that seek to improve health outcomes.

  • Building capacity to eliminate POP pesticides stockpiles in Viet NamThe Government of Viet Nam has faced serious constraints in dealing with stockpiles of POP pesticides, including constraints due to funding, access to appropriate technologies and coordination among multiple ministries and agencies. While some stockpiles are housed in sheds or buildings, in some communities with particularly large stockpiles, POP pesticide stockpiles are buried due to the lack of suitable infrastructure. An estimated 1,140 tones of buried POP pesticides have been found in five sites, and certainly there are many more such sites in the country. The buried stockpiles are of far greater concern than above-ground stockpiles both because of their size and because of far less control over storage conditions, which results in much larger risk potentials and actual human health problems.

  • Barriers removal to the cost-effective development and implementation of energy efficiency standards and labeling (BRESL)Rapid economic growth in Viet Nam over a sustained period has seen demand for energy begin to exceed supply. If left unchecked, this could put a brake on the steady growth of the economy and threaten the continual gains towards poverty reduction this has brought Viet Nam.


Viet Nam, a natural disaster prone country particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, faces new challenges as it continues its development journey. A growing population, increased urbanization and rapid economic development are posing great pressures on natural resources and the environment, while economic growth patterns and technologies are not energy efficient, leading to rising greenhouse gas emissions. Together, these high impact issues have collided to threaten the country’s sustainable development. UNDP has been quick to help Viet Nam identify and respond to these challenges in an agile and sustainable manner. The ONE Plan 2012-2016, under which UNDP operates, sets targets to support the Government in the implementation of multilateral environmental agreements to achieve Millennium Development Goals and Viet Nam’s development targets.

Contact UNDP in Viet Nam
General inquires: 84 4 3942 1495