Strengthening Institutional Capacity For Disaster Risk Management In Viet Nam Including Climate Change Related Risks (SCDM Phase II)
Vietnam is recognized as one of the most disaster prone countries in the Asia Pacific Region. Over the last 30 years, disasters have been a major contributor to fatalities, injury and economic losses totaling about 1.0 – 1.5% GDP. Current challenges of disaster risks and impacts are likely to be further exacerbated by global climate change. According to Sven and David (2013), Vietnam ranked 6th globally in terms of climate risk. Vietnam is also one of the 30 “extreme risk” countries according to the Climate Change Vulnerability Index over the next three decades.
In response to climate change which in Vietnam has been causing recurrent floods, drought, landslides and typhoons, the Government (GoV) has developed and issued a number of programs and policies such as, the National Target Program to Respond to Climate Change, National Strategy for Natural Disaster Prevention, Response and Mitigation to 2020, and Community Based Risk Disaster Management (CBDRM).
The UN has worked since the mid-1990s on disaster risk reduction and has developed distinct competencies in this area. To support the Government of Vietnam, UNDP Vietnam provided a three-year technical assistance project, entitled: “Strengthening institutional capacity for disaster risk management in Viet Nam, including climate change-related disasters” (SCDM Phase I) from 2008 to 2011. Building on the achievements and strengths of SCDM I UNDP Vietnam continues its support through the Disaster Management Center’s (DMC) four-year SCDM II. Given the importance and need to strengthen capacity, the emphasis for SCDM II is on support to the implementation of the Government’s CBDRM strategy. The SCDM II aligns with the Government of Vietnam’s Socio-Economic Development Plan (SEDP) 2011-2015, where disasters and climate change are described as one of the main challenges for Viet Nam over the coming years.
The UNDP Vietnam, working in close partnership with MARD, Oxfam, the Vietnamese Red Cross and Vietnamese Women’s Union, is engaged with the development of implementation guidelines, an M&E framework, training materials and financial implementation modalities. In addition the UN has taken a lead in providing support to the Government with the drafting of the law on disaster risk management through activities implemented with MARD. The law on disaster risk management embeds international commitments, such as the Hyogo Framework for Action and the ASEAN Agreement on Disaster Management and Emergency Response, to address the needs of those at risk.
What are the project's key results?
- Enhanced national and sub-national institutional capacities of Central and Provincial Committees for Flood and Storm Control members and main stakeholders to consolidate the disaster risk reduction legislative, policy and strategic framework.
- Improved capacity of the DMC and CFSC members to effectively and efficiently plan, implement, monitor and evaluate the CBDRM program, ensuring gender sensitivity and participation of vulnerable groups in both rural and urban areas.
- Evidence based action research on disaster risk reduction (DORR) and climate change adaptation (COCA) utilized to improve policy and strategy, and plans developed and implemented at national, regional and international levels.
Finance, Executing and Implementing Agency
|Project Number||Funding||Executing Agency||Implementing Agency|
|USD 4,950,000 Total Grant, of which $2.8M AUD from Australian Aid; and the rest from UNDP/UN OPF, Government, and others
||Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD)
NIP: Disaster Management Center, Directorate for Water Resources
|Oxfam, Vietnam Red Cross Society and Vietnam Women’s Union|
Delivery in Previous Fiscal Years