Poverty Reduction

  • Support to multi-dimensional poverty reduction in urban areasIn recognition of the importance of the urban poverty and multi-dimensional poverty approach on poverty reduction, UNDP has cooperated with Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh city to develop and implement the Project “Support to in-depth assessment of urban povert in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh city” for the period 2008-2011 (or the Project “Urban poverty”). This project and other related studies have provided the first in-depth and comprehensive information on urban poverty reality to contribute to formulation and implementation of poverty reduction.

  • Support to the implementation of the Resolution 80/NQ-CP on directions of sustainable poverty reduction 2011-2020 and the National Targeted Program on Sustainable Poverty Reduction 2012-2016While overall poverty levels remarkably dropped to 14.5 percent in 2010, ethnic minority groups have experienced a much slower pace of poverty reduction compared to the majority of Viet Nam’s population. Progress in reducing poverty among ethnic minority people in dimensions other than income, such as education, health, housing, sanitation and water also lag behind the national average. In response, the Government of Viet Nam in 2011 issued the Resolution 80/NQ-CP, providing new directions for sustainable poverty reduction for 2011-2020, aiming at accelerating poverty reduction in the poorest districts, communes and villages of the country, by setting poverty reduction target of 4% per annum (compared to national target of 2%), and by emphasizing priority to mobilize resources and support to these areas. The National Targeted Programme for Sustainable Poverty Reduction 2012-2015 (NTP-SPR) was approved in early October, 2012 to accelerate poverty reduction in Viet Nam’s poorest districts, communes and villages and improve the well-being and livelihoods of the poor, particularly those in mountainous and ethnic minority areas.

  • Support to the implementation of the Resolution 80/NQ-CP on directions of sustainable poverty reduction 2011-2020 and the National Targeted Program on Sustainable Poverty Reduction 2012-2016While overall poverty levels remarkably dropped to 14.5 percent in 2010, ethnic minority groups have experienced a much slower pace of poverty reduction compared to the majority of Viet Nam’s population. Progress in reducing poverty among ethnic minority people in dimensions other than income, such as education, health, housing, sanitation and water also lag behind the national average.

  • Support to Implementation of Vietnam Statistical Development Strategy 2011-2020, Vision to 2030The project, building on the success of the project “Support to Socio-Economic Development Monitoring” 2005-2011 supported by UNDP, aims to support the Viet Nam’s Statistics System (VSS) in implementing the Viet Nam Statistical Development Strategy 2011-2020, Vision to 2030 (VSDS). Specifically, the project focuses on improvement of the statistical legal framework, coordination mechanism of stakeholders in the VSS, data dissemination, statistical methodology and techniques in some prioritized fields, and M&E of the progress of implementing the VSDS.

  • Support for enhancing capacity in advising, examining, and overseeing macroeconomic policiesThis project will contribute to the UN One Plan’s Outcome 1: “social and economic development policies, plans and laws support equitable and inclusive growth and conform to the values and goals of the Millennium Declaration and other relevant international agreements and conventions” and the Country Programme Output 1.10 “knowledge increased and policy options identified to promote more pro-poor public finance policies that take into account the impacts of trade liberalisation and financial reforms”.

  • Strengthening capacity for human development policy making in Viet NamThe project, building on the success of the previous VASS-UNDP collaborations including on 2001 and 2011 NHDRs, projects “Assistance to the 20 year Review of Doi Moi in Viet Nam” and “Support for Effective Policy Making Through the Development of Scientific Evidence Based Research” and based on the request of VASS, aims to support Strengthening capacity for human development policy making in Vietnam.

  • Support to Implementation of Vietnam Statistical Development Strategy 2011-2020, Vision to 2030Support to Implementation of Vietnam Statistical Development Strategy 2011-2020, Vision to 2030The project, building on the success of the project “Support to Socio-Economic Development Monitoring” 2005-2011 supported by UNDP, aims to support the Viet Nam’s Statistics System (VSS) in implementing the Viet Nam Statistical Development Strategy 2011-2020, Vision to 2030 (VSDS). Specifically, the project focuses on improvement of the statistical legal framework, coordination mechanism of stakeholders in the VSS, data dissemination, statistical methodology and techniques in some prioritized fields, and M&E of the progress of implementing the VSDS.

  • Strengthening capacity for human development policy making in Viet NamThe project, building on the success of the previous VASS-UNDP collaborations including on 2001 and 2011 NHDRs, projects “Assistance to the 20 year Review of Doi Moi in Viet Nam” and “Support for Effective Policy Making Through the Development of Scientific Evidence Based Research” and based on the request of VASS, aims to support Strengthening capacity for human development policy making in Vietnam.

  • MDGs monitoring and reporting - An institutionalized framework for monitoring, advocating and advising, and South-South cooperationVietnam produced three MDG reports in 2005, 2008 and 2010. The quality of these reports has been improved over the years. MDGRs, not only disseminated and used for policy advicacy in Vietnam, but also presented at the UN summit on MDGs by the Vietnam's top leaders in order to share experiences with other nations. Vietnam plans to prepare two more reports in 2013 and 2015 to reflect the progress and results of MDGs implementation.

  • Catalyzing the Business Community’s Role towards Greater Corporate Social Responsibility through Global Compact Principles in Viet Nam

  • Catalyzing the Business Community’s Role towards Greater Corporate Social Responsibility through Global Compact Principles in Viet NamThe overall objective of the project is to encourage adoption of socially and environmentally responsible business behaviour among businesses operating in Viet Nam. This is to be achieved through promoting the United Nations Global Compact (CG) initiative and facilitating innovative partnerships among the private sector, public sector and civil society in Viet Nam, with the goal to create sustainable development. The project contributes to equitable and inclusive growth and supports the national implementation of a number of international agreements and conventions that relate directly to business activities.

  • Capacity Strengthening for Ethnic Minority Policy Formulation, Implementation and Monitoring

  • Capacity Strengthening for Ethnic Minority Policy Formulation, Implementation and MonitoringIn line with the Government of Vietnam’s priority for addressing the remaining “pockets of poverty” in the country and UNDP’s priority to promote pro-poor policies, this project will strengthen the capacities of the Committee on Ethnic Minority Affairs (CEMA) and 3 selected provincial Departments on Ethnic Minority Affairs (DEMA). A recent capacity assessment of CEMA and its provincial representations confirmed the existence of several capacity constraints that prevent the agency from performing it tasks efficiently and effectively. This project will address the following areas of capacity constraints that were identified in the assessment

Closed Projects

  • Support for Public Financial Policy AnalysisThe Ministry of Finance (MOF) has established a Policy Advisory Group (PAG) to provide high-quality and independent policy advice directly to the Minister of Finance and other senior leaders of the ministry. The PAG is responsible for establishing the basic infrastructure for policy analysis within the ministry, and to develop policy analysis and capacity within other departments and affiliated agencies of MOF.

  • Support for Public Financial Policy AnalysisThe Ministry of Finance (MOF) has established a Policy Advisory Group (PAG) to provide high-quality and independent policy advice directly to the Minister of Finance and other senior leaders of the ministry. The PAG is responsible for establishing the basic infrastructure for policy analysis within the ministry, and to develop policy analysis and capacity within other departments and affiliated agencies of MOF.

  • Catalyzing the Business Community’s Role towards Greater Corporate Social Responsibility through Global Compact Principles in Viet NamThe overall objective of the project is to encourage adoption of socially and environmentally responsible business behaviour among businesses operating in Viet Nam. This is to be achieved through promoting the United Nations Global Compact (CG) initiative and facilitating innovative partnerships among the private sector, public sector and civil society in Viet Nam, with the goal to create sustainable development. The project contributes to equitable and inclusive growth and supports the national implementation of a number of international agreements and conventions that relate directly to business activities.

  • Support for the Formulation of Socio-Economic Development Strategy 2011- 2020Viet Nam has been making great efforts to achieve rapid and sustainable development with the objective of transforming the country into an industrialized and modernized one by 2020. The country is expected to access middle income status at the end of the current 10-year Socio-Economic Development Strategy (SEDS) in 2010.

  • Support to the Preparation of National Millennium Development Goals Reports 2008 and 2010By signing the Millennium Declaration and joining the international commitment to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the Government of Viet Nam (GOVN) has made a commitment to improve the quality of life of the Vietnamese people by meeting international standards pertaining to poverty reduction, health, education, gender equality and environmental sustainability by 2015. MDGs are consistently in line with the Viet Nam own development goals set out in the national strategies and plans, including those included in the Comprehensive Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy (CPRGS).

  • Support for the Task Force on Implementation of the Enterprise Law and the Investment LawBuilding on the success of the Project VIE 01/025 “Institutional Reform for Business Development” which supported the drafting process of the Enterprise Law and the Investment Law, this project aims to improve the effectiveness of the implementation and enforcement of these new laws through support to the Task Force on Implementation of the Enterprise Law and the Investment Law.

  • Support for Policy Analysis for the Development of Land Policies for Socio-economic DevelopmentThe objective of this project is to conduct a comprehensive assessment of the socio-economic impact of land policy on rural development and recommend new policies aimed at achieving the Government’s goal of promoting sustainable economic development in rural areas. The project will strengthen the Government’s policy analysis capacity by engaging officials from a number of agencies together with Vietnamese and international experts.

  • Support to implementation and dissemination of baseline survey 2011 for "social - economic development program for most hardship communes in the ethnic minority and mountainous areas" (P135-2 BLS 2011)The Republic of Finland and UNDP Vietnam cooperation under this is to implement, and disseminate results of, the Baseline Survey 2011 for “Social-Economic Development Program for Most Hardship Communes in the Ethnic Minority and Mountainous Areas” (P135). Through the Baseline Survey 2011, this project aims to provide information and analysis necessary for assessing the progress and impacts of the 135P over the period of 2005-2010, as specified in the Memorandum of Understanding of the Partnership to Support P135 between the GOVN and International Partners.

  • Capacity Strengthening for Ethnic Minority Policy Formulation, Implementation and MonitoringIn line with the Government of Vietnam’s priority for addressing the remaining “pockets of poverty” in the country and UNDP’s priority to promote pro-poor policies, this project will strengthen the capacities of the Committee on Ethnic Minority Affairs (CEMA) and 3 selected provincial Departments on Ethnic Minority Affairs (DEMA). A recent capacity assessment of CEMA and its provincial representations confirmed the existence of several capacity constraints that prevent the agency from performing it tasks efficiently and effectively. This project will address the following areas of capacity constraints that were identified in the assessment:

  • Support to the Improvement and Implementation of the National Hunger Eradication and Poverty Reduction Targeted Programme (Phase II)The Government has made a strong commitment to eradicate hunger and halve the poverty rate by 2015. To help achieve this target, in September 2001, the Government approved a five-year, $2 billion national targeted programme on hunger eradication, poverty reduction and job creation (NTP HEPR-JC).

  • Strengthening Local Government Capacities for Planning, Budgeting and Managing Public Resources (SLGP)SLGP implements a range of innovations linked to local government planning, budgeting and management of development resources in four pilot provinces. It does so in accordance with the existing national policy framework, as defined by laws and other statutory regulations.

  • United Nations - Government of Viet Nam: Joint Programme on Gender Equality (MDGF - 1694)Under the three-year Joint Programme (JP) on Gender Equality (GE), the following twelve UN agencies and Programmes: FAO, ILO, IOM, UNAIDS, UNDP, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNICEF, UNIDO, UNIFEM, UNODC, and WHO; in partnership with the Government of Vietnam, will provide strategic, coordinated and multi-sectoral capacity building and technical assistance to build the capacity of national and provincial duty bearers so that they can better implement, monitor, evaluate and report on the Law on Gender Equality (GEL) and the Law on Domestic Violence Prevention and Control (DVL) from 2009-2011.

  • Support for in-depth assessment of urban poverty in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh CityIt has been shown that VHLSS misses an important proportion of potentially vulnerable households in the cities (unregistered migrants), partly due to inappropriate sampling techniques for urban areas. Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh Cities have attempted to properly identify those poor households: Ha Noi Department of Labour War Invalids and Social Affairs conducted ‘reviews’ of the list of poor households among the households with regular residence registrations (KT1 and KT2) in concurrence to MOLISA guidelines and the city poverty line. In Ho Chi Minh City, attempts were made to capture not only household with regular residence, but also households with temporary residence registration (KT3). Nevertheless, none of these initiatives tried to identify seasonal workers (KT4) or simply unregistered short or long term migrants.

OUR WORK - POVERTY REDUCTION

Viet Nam has achieved significant economic, social and poverty reduction successes, yet widening inequalities and disparities are emerging. To meet these challenges, UNDP is working to promote inclusive and equitable development in Viet Nam and respond to Government needs to address national development priorities. We support high-quality policy research, facilitate debates and help identify suitable solutions for Viet Nam to design and implement more inclusive development policies, national poverty reduction and social assistance programmes targeting the poorest women and men. UNDP is also strengthening national capacity to monitor socio-economic and human development along with MDG progress. The right-based development and participation of the vulnerable women and men in the development process is an emphasis in all programmatic support areas.

MORE ABOUT POVERTY REDUCTION
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