Speech by UNDP Country Director, Ms. Louise Chamberlain at Launch of the National Green Growth Action PlanApr 18, 2014
Date : 18 April 2014, 9 – 12 am
Event: Launch of the National Green Growth Action Plan
Venue: Sofitel Plaza Hotel
Dr. Nguyễn Thế Phương, Vice Minister of Planning and Investment;
Dr. Phạm Hoàng Mai, Director General, DSENRE;
Distinguished participants from Ministries,
Dear colleagues from the international community,
Ladies and gentlemen,
I am honoured to be the first in a very long and distinguished list of partners to congratulate the Government for completion and approval of the National Green Growth Action Plan. This is a rich and comprehensive multi-sectored framework for fostering more sustainable and resource-conserving behaviours and we look forward to witness its impact on the country’s socioeconomic development plan until 2020.
On behalf of the UN commend Vice Minister Phuong and MPI for strong leadership in formulating this comprehensive Action Plan, with concrete actions and clear responsibilities of ministries and localities. The strong partnership among government institutions and development partners around the development of this plan is encouraging. And, as UNDP, we are proud to have provided technical inputs and consultation support to the formulation of both the Green Growth Strategy and the Action Plan.
Viet Nam continues to show its commitment in pursuing low carbon growth. This Action Plan supports the main thrust of the third part of the IPCC’s fifth assessment report on mitigation, launched in Berlin last Sunday, which underscored that transformation to a clean energy world is needed and that low carbon growth is possible.
Green growth or low emissions development is an important step in economic restructuring in Viet Nam, and move towards high quality, efficient and effective economic model by 2020, for inclusive and sustainable growth, as specified in the Social Economic Development Strategy 2010-2020 with benefits for the people of Viet Nam and especially leading to the elimination of poverty.
Having the Green Growth Action Plan in place is important, but more important is to achieve the planned results. We are pleased to see the presence of representatives from key government institutions and development partners today including from provincial level. Building on existing partnerships, the Government and development partners will now work together to redirect investments towards green development. Government policies and actions must create an enabling environment for businesses, social organisations, communities, households and individual citizens - all stakeholders - to take action. It is especially important to attract green investments from the private sector that has technical knowhow and capital.
The implementation of the Action Plan requires good coordination as well as specific actions by sectors and localities. Sectors, provinces, cities, and businesses must define concrete and locally relevant targets and introduce measures to reach those targets. Individual sectors can specify their contribution to the overall target of 8-10% reduction in greenhouse emissions intensity of the economy of the Green Growth Strategy, and the concrete measures to achieve that – as the Agriculture and Rural Development sector has already done.
It is also very encouraging that the Green Growth Action Plan stresses the importance of clean and renewable energy. To promote participation of the private sector in clean and renewable energy generation, the indirect subsidies on fossil fuels should be phased out and a price be set on carbon, for example through taxes. Energy sector reforms, including price reforms have already been initiated, but more is needed to attract private and foreign investment in renewable energy and to encourage energy efficiency improvements. Risks for the private sector will decrease with an increase in transparency of for example the operations of large State Owned enterprises and setting electricity tariffs.
Good planning, budgeting, and spending are important to the economic reforms and achievement of green growth targets. An on-going study on climate public expenditure and institutional review by MPI, UNDP and the World Bank identifies the need to have a more coherence in priority setting among various programmes under the Climate Change Strategy and the Green Growth Strategy. Introduction of a unified set of priority programmes and projects, and tools for tracking and reporting on climate change finance will help to the improve effectiveness of using both domestic and international climate finance.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Successful implementation of the Green Growth Action Plan requires the full participation of all stakeholders, in the planning, management, investment and monitoring of actions to achieve green growth.
To further our support to the Viet Nam green growth and sustainable development agenda, UNDP, and other UN organizations continue to raise awareness and build capacities of key ministries, effectively formulate and implement policies, plans and regulations. For example, we support them in setting green house gas emission targets in sectoral Green Growth Action plans, and also to formulate of specific Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (known as NAMAs) in key sectors. We will also continue to support coordination as well as resource mobilization as green growth is one of the UN’s priorities.
Again we congratulate the Government on a successful launch of the GGAP, and we look forward to continuing working with MPI and other partners in making a Green Vietnam a reality.
Thank you for your attention.