02 Feb 2018
by Marie Florine THIEFFRY, Intern UNDP Viet Nam
Photo: UNDP Viet Nam/Phan Huong Giang
Viet Nam is among the 10 countries most affected by climate change from 1997 to 2016 according to the Long-Term Climate Risk Index. During the last 50 years (1958-2007), the annual average temperature increased about 0.5° and 0.7° and the sea levels rose by 2.8 mm/year along the country’s 3000km coastline that caused land erosion and slides. By 2100, 5% of Viet Nam’s land is at risk due to climate change and 7% of the agricultural activities will be impacted in turn reduce the GDP by 10% in the Red River and Mekong Deltas. These trends will particularly the 11% of the Vietnamese population considered as especially vulnerable groups including the poor and near poor, women, children, those with disabilities and ethnic minorities.
Large scale typhoons that originate in the Pacific, often finish their race on the Vietnamese coast causing storm surge and flooding that affects hundreds thousand of people. For example, Typhoon Damrey which hit Viet Nam on 4th November 2017 ripped through to Central and South-East region, battering 9 provinces with wind of up to 135 kilometres per hour causing damage to agriculture, aquaculture, infrastructure and housing. More than 100 people were killed, and more than 4.33 million of …