Public administration reform (PAR) lies at the heart of Viet Nam’s effort to move towards people-centered development. The reforms are vital to ensure the linkage between economic growth and poverty reduction, and for the country’s further integration into regional and international economic systems. The PAR Master Programme (2001 – 2010) presents a holistic and systematic approach to address both urgent and fundamental issues vital to Viet Nam’s development agenda.
Annual and 5 Year Socio-Economic Development Plans (SEDPs) play a key role in the development process of Vietnam at both national and sub-national levels. However, the implementation of SEDPs in the past often went without proper Monitoring & Evaluation (M&E) and was considered a factor contributing to its low effectiveness and efficiency.
The Viet Nam Lawyers Association (VLA) is a “political, social, professional association” under the Viet Nam Union of Science and Technology Associations (VUSTA). It has 32,000 members, including diversified legal professionals. The broad mandate, extensive membership base, and direct access to decision-making on judicial and legal reform issues gives the VLA a potentially very significant role in the country’s efforts to promote the rule of law and access to justice for all.
This project aims to strengthen the capacities of the National Assembly (and its Secretariat) to perform its constitutional functions, while increasing transparency and accountability. The project will also provide support to the decentralization process with a special focus on Provincial People’s Councils.
The People's Councils are the local organs of the State power. Their two main functions are:
decision making on important issues of the locality; and
supervision of the activities of administrative and judicial organs of the same locality.
Kon Tum is one of the poorest provinces in Vietnam where large ethnic minority populations reside (approximately 53% of various ethnic groups like Bana, Xedang, Gie Chieng, J‘rai, B’rou, R’mam etc.). The base for socio-economic development of Kon Tum is very low, and the capacity of local government cadres, especially at commune level, in state management and SED planning is generally weak.
The project is to support the development of MARD into a modern macro-level ministry by applying the following three key strategic approaches, each developed with specific and tangible results: (1) Decentralisation of state management functions to most appropriate vertical level; (2) Outsourcing delivery of selected public service; and (3) Enhancing community involvement and participation, enabling sector actors to make informed decisions based on improved access to information. The project will actively promote participation, transparency and broad information towards the ARD sector and including mass organisations, farmers and civil society organisations.
The non-state sector in Viet Nam, including unions, professional organisations, business associations, non governmental organisations, community based organisations, has experienced rapid growth in recent years. Grassroots democracy and people’s participation are becoming more and more important, and the contributions that non-governmental organizations (NGOs) can make to Viet Nam’s socio-economic development are being recognized as never before. Recent legislation has helped open up the space for public debate and acknowledged the vital role civil society, especially intellectuals, can play in Viet Nam’s future development.
Promoting and protecting human rights lies at the heart of Viet Nam’s Constitution and related policy and legal documents. As outlined in the publication Achievements in the Protection and the Promotion of Human Rights in Viet Nam, the Government seeks to ensure the realization of human rights through, inter-alia, the process of economic, social and cultural development in general, the building and improvement of a modern legal system and effective implementation mechanisms. Viet Nam acceded to major UN human rights treaties.
This project seeks to strengthen oversight capacities of the National Assembly’s institutions and provincial People’s Councils of selected provinces. A budget oversight tailored made training programme (including analysis of budget implications for the poor) will be formulated and delivered to members of parliament and People’s Councils’ deputies. The project assists in the review and improvement of parliamentary rules and procedures for the examination, approval and oversight of the state budget. An information disclosure regulation and tools (including web-site) will be developed to improve information sharing between the National Assembly, the provincial People’s Councils, ministries and public agencies.
UNDP started its cooperation with the Committee on Financial and Budgetary Affairs in early 2000. In the first phase of the project impact was made in relation to the development of legal and institutional frameworks and revision of working procedures. The current project will continue to support deliberative bodies involved in state budget decisions and oversight following reforms in the Constitution and the Law on State Budget. The project focuses on three main components: vision and development strategy for public finance management and oversight; strengthening the capacity of National Assembly institutions and support staff involved with state budget decisions and oversight; and strengthening capacity of provincial People’s Councils and support staff involved with state budget decisions and oversight.
This project will create opportunities for highly qualified women employed in Viet Nam’s public sector to undertake advanced study and research at the University of Cambridge and in collaboration with University of Cambridge scholars. The objective of the project is to help identify ways and means to empower women working in the public sector to deal with new challenges in relation to Viet Nam's deeper and broader economic integration, and prepare exceptionally talented women from Viet Nam’s public sector to take on leadership roles in all fields.
Public administration reform (PAR) lies at the heart of Viet Nam’s effort to move towards people-centered development as a middle income country. The reforms are vital to ensure the linkage between economic growth and poverty reduction, and for the country’s further integration into regional and international economic systems. The PAR Master Programme (2001 – 2010) presents a holistic and systematic approach to address both urgent and fundamental issues vital to Viet Nam’s development agenda.
The fight against corruption is a high priority for the Government of Viet Nam and since signing the UN Convention against Corruption in 2003, the Government has embarked on a major drive to strengthen its legal and institutional framework for preventing and combating corruption. However, mechanisms to tackle corruption remain rudimentary and poorly enforced as the political, administrative and financial systems are adapting to the rapid deregulation and liberalisation of the market.
The project aims to build the capacity of VASS researchers in three areas: research management, human development research and policy advocacy. The project will also provide researchers with opportunities to practically apply these skills, in particular through the preparation of a national Human Development Report for Viet Nam. The report will improve the understanding of human development in Viet Nam and outline practical policy approaches for expanding the choices and opportunities available to all Vietnamese citizens.
Since the Doi Moi reforms of the late 1980s, Viet Nam has witnessed high levels of economic growth coupled with a rapid integration into global markets and an equally rapid reduction in poverty. These economic and social achievements have necessitated continuous efforts to improve the legal framework and to promote the rule of law consistent with international norms, principles and practices.
In April 2008 the National Assembly Standing Committee (NASC) established the Institute for Legislative Studies (ILS). The Institute has two main functions:
to conduct researches on issues related to the functioning of the NA and
to provide scientific information in support to the functions of the organs and Deputies of the NA.
Inequality between women and men in access to land, particularly upon divorce and inheritance, is widespread throughout the world and has become a key focus of legal empowerment initiatives worldwide. Equality between women and men has been guaranteed in all of Viet Nam’s Constitutions since 1945 and concretized in many of Viet Nam’s laws, including in relation to property rights.