Building capacity to eliminate POP pesticides stockpiles in Viet Nam


The Government of Viet Nam has faced serious constraints in dealing with stockpiles of POP pesticides, including constraints due to funding, access to appropriate technologies and coordination among multiple ministries and agencies. While some stockpiles are housed in sheds or buildings, in some communities with particularly large stockpiles, POP pesticide stockpiles are buried due to the lack of suitable infrastructure.  An estimated 1,140 tones of buried POP pesticides have been found in five sites, and certainly there are many more such sites in the country. The buried stockpiles are of far greater concern than above-ground stockpiles both because of their size and because of far less control over storage conditions, which results in much larger risk potentials and actual human health problems. 

This project will help to eliminate all known stockpiles of POP pesticides in Viet Nam.  However, the project also recognizes that the destruction of known stockpiles is an incomplete response for two reasons.  Firstly, it is clear that there are a potentially large number of additional, as yet unknown stockpiles, meaning that a one-off destruction process will be inadequate in dealing with additional stockpiles as they are discovered.  Secondly, there is a major continuing problem of illegal importation of pesticides which may contain substantial amounts of POPs. Consequently, as important as the destruction of known stockpiles, is the need to build capacity both to destroy additional stockpiles as they are discovered, and to eliminate continued importation of illegal POP pesticides.  Capacity to eliminate continued importation is needed on both the demand side, to reduce and ultimately eliminate demand for such pesticides, and on the supply side, to eliminate the source of the pesticides.  Supply-side management will require bilateral cooperation with neighboring states, including China, Lao PDR and Cambodia. 

By achieving the above results the project will help the Government remove the barriers in order to effectively eliminate POP pesticide stockpiles and to prevent importation and use of POP pesticides presently and in the future. It  also makes a significant contribution to the implementation of the Stockholm and Basel Convention which were ratified by the Government in 2002 and 1995 respectively.

What are the project's key results?

•    Improved capacity facilitates elimination of POP pesticides stockpiles
•    All known stockpiles destroyed and impacts to human health relieved
•    Improved chemicals management prevents importation and use of POP pesticides

Finance, Executing and Implementing Agency

Project Number Funding Executing Agency Implementing Agency
60927 (GEF): US$ 4,300,800 Government co-funding: US$ 6,390,109 Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) Vietnam Environment Administration, MONRE

Delivery in Previous Fiscal Year

Year    Delivery (USD)
2009 0
2010 82,427.60
2011 401,169
2012 454,863
2013 892,983

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