Support for in-depth assessment of urban poverty in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City


It has been shown that VHLSS misses an important proportion of potentially vulnerable households in the cities (unregistered migrants), partly due to inappropriate sampling techniques for urban areas. Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh Cities have attempted to properly identify those poor households: Ha Noi Department of Labour War Invalids and Social Affairs conducted ‘reviews’ of the list of poor households among the households with regular residence registrations  (KT1 and KT2) in concurrence to MOLISA guidelines and the city poverty line. In Ho Chi Minh City, attempts were made to capture not only household with regular residence, but also households with temporary residence registration (KT3). Nevertheless, none of these initiatives tried to identify seasonal workers (KT4) or simply unregistered short or long term migrants. 

Difficulties in recruiting individual consultants and managing quality of their services had been a weakness in previous working experience with VHLSS project and still are in other UNDP-supported projects. Moreover, capacity transfer from the recruited consultants to their clients was also difficult in the past. Drawing on this lesson, this project, therefore, will work with institutions from the very beginning rather than short term consultants.

Experience in previous VHLSS projects teaches that raw data cleaning took significant amount of time and could be a bottleneck for the quantitative data treatment. This project will support GSO to train and technically backstop Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh cities’ Statistics Offices to clean the raw data with appropriate techniques and database software to speed up the data cleaning process. Moreover, the independent nature of the survey should smooth data cleaning process as well.

Additionally, involving policy makers and researchers/research institutes from survey designing and during survey implementation will assure that the quality of data collection will meet researchers’ needs and policy makers’ expectations. The high technicality of this project requires early clarification between technical potential and political needs thus to early link researchers and policy makers, to avoid any unexpected misunderstanding.

Finally, management experience of other UNDP-supported project working with two parallel provinces suggests that cooperation and coordination between the two provinces as well as among the provinces, Government Aid Coordination Agencies (GACA), and UNDP  are critical for effective implementation and hence success of the project. Thus, this project will set up a mechanism for and allow sufficient staff and time for coordination work. 

What are the project's key results?

  • New urban-poverty data generated, disaggregated by sex and age, and allowing for good quality analysis on the characteristics, scope, depth and composition of poverty situation in Ha Noi and Ho Chi Minh City.
  • Policy research conducted, providing good quality analysis of new data generated by the survey, and research results widely debated and disseminated.
  • Policy responses developed based on the evidences and results of the survey, policy research and debates

Finance, Executing and Implementing Agency

Project Number Funding Executing Agency Implementing Agency
00051418 US$ 344,889 from UNDP TRAC and US$521,271 from One Plan Fund Ha Noi and HCM People’s committees Ha Noi and HCM Statistical Offices

Delivery in Previous Fiscal Year

Year  Delivery (USD)
2009 247,388
2010 286,453
2011 227,623

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