Conservation of Critical Wetland Protected Areas and Linked Landscapes


An estimated 30% of Viet Nam’s national land area comprises inland and coastal wetlands. These harbour considerable globally significant biodiversity and generate a vast array of ecosystem services. However, these wetlands are under increasing threat from a range of economic activities, particularly conversion for agriculture and aquaculture, overexploitation of biotic resources and pollution. While Viet Nam has established an extensive national system of protected areas (PAs) to conserve its biodiversity, wetlands are currently poorly represented within the national PA system. Under Viet Nam’s 2008 Biodiversity Law and the associated Decree 65, state management responsibility for wetlands has been assigned to the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE). However, MONRE currently has relatively limited capacity for the planning, establishment and administration of wetland conservation areas or for developing the capacity needed on the ground for effective wetlands management, including the ability to address threats to local wetlands that arise from economic activities in the wider landscape. The project seeks to develop systemic, institutional and operational capacity for effective wetlands biodiversity management in Viet Nam nationally and at provincial level at selected sites. The project’s immediate objective is to establish new wetland protected areas and create capacities for their effective management to mitigate existing and emerging threats from connected landscapes. Component 1 of the project will address gaps and weaknesses in the current PA system, institutional capacity and the current policy and regulatory framework in relation to wetlands conservation. Component 2 seeks to ensure that the wetland values are better understood and appreciated and that the principles and know-how for conservation and sustainable use of wetlands are enshrined both at the local level, by strengthening incentives for conservation-friendly livelihoods, and at the landscape level, by promoting wetlands-friendly land use and development planning.

What are the project's key outcomes?

Outcome 1: New wetland PAs and relevant systemic capacities for their effective management established (Total cost: US$ 11.1 million; GEF US$2.0 million; Co-financing US$ 9.1 million)
Output 1.1 New and updated national policy, regulatory and planning frameworks for wetlands conservation
Output 1.2 Strengthened national capacity for administration of wetland conservation areas
Output 1.3 Two new wetland conservation areas established with management systems in place
Output 1.4 Strengthened provincial capacity for wetlands conservation management and sustainable use

Outcome 2: Integrity of wetland PAs are secured within the wider wetland connected landscapes (Total cost: US$6.05 million; GEF US$1 million; Co-financing US$ 5.05 million)
Output 2.1 Increased understanding and knowledge about wetlands ecosystem values, sustainable use and management across the wider landscape
Output 2.2 Wetlands conservation and sustainable use mainstreamed into key provincial development plans
Output 2.3 Reduced threats to biodiversity from local livelihoods

Finance, Executing and Implementing Agency

Executing Entity/Implementing Partner: Ministry of Natural Resources & Environment (MONRE)    
Implementing Entity/Responsible Partners: Institute of Strategy and Policy on Natural Resources and Environment (ISPONRE) and Biodiversity Conservation Agency (BCA) of MONRE

Conserving and Using Wetlands wisely

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