Scaling Up a Socialised Model of Domestic Waste and Plastic Management

Photo: Lekima Hung

Project Summary:

Waste management has become a major concern in Viet Nam, as waste generation is increasing at an unprecedented pace and is projected to triple over the next 15 years. Currently, the country does not have the capacity to effectively handle this waste: 70% is disposed in landfills where the implementation of environmental standards is limited; while the rest is burned or discarded in nature, with much of it eventually ending up into the sea. The complex structure of solid waste management at the policy and governance level, together with the lack of reliable data and poor regional coordination worsen the situation. Citizens and businesses are not generally aware of the negative impacts improper waste management causes on human health, in addition to soil, air and water pollution; which calls for increased investment in education. Similarly, Viet Nam has become a major producer and consumer of plastic, with immediate negative consequences in terms of marine pollution, population wellbeing, and on the tourism and fishery industries. Finally, the circular economy approach is relatively unknown, while the linear economy (take, make, waste) is widely employed by business in Viet Nam.


To develop integrated, green and fair models to improve domestic waste and plastic management, in five Vietnamese cities.

Expected results:

  • Local waste/plastic management project implemented by local NGOs/CSOs supported under the UNDP/GEF SGP in 5 cities
  • Local capacities in systematically tackling waste and managing strengthened plastic in five localities
  • Waste picker groups' business expanded and favourable conditions established to ensure sustainability
  • Improvement of citizens' awareness on waste and plastic
  • Increase of corporate regulations on sustainable production and consumption of materials
  • Local regulations on waste or plastic adopted/strengthened
  • Acceleration of innovation on circular economy for waste and plastic management

Project locations:

Ha Long, Binh Duong, Binh Thuan, Quy Nhon, and Da Nang

More information, please kindly find the project summary


Awareness Raising Materials:


Seas and oceans are a significant source of life, and represent extremely important human spaces and a basic foundation for sustainable development. However, they are currently facing many serious problems, most notably pollution, and plastic pollution in particular. There have been many campaigns and initiatives at different levels to reduce ocean plastic waste, including mechanisms and policies, communication, and plastic collection and treatment, with the extensive participation of international organizations, governmental and nongovernmental organizations, and the private sector.

Vietnam has made strong political commitments and has carried out practical activities to manage and reduce plastic waste, including ocean plastic waste. Resolution No. 36-NQ /TW of October 22, 2018 of the Eighth Conference of the Party Central Committee XII on the strategy for sustainable development of Vietnam’s marine economy to 2030, with a vision to 2045, set the goal of “Preventing, controlling, and significantly reducing pollution of the marine environment; becoming a regional leader in minimizing ocean plastic waste.” Click here to download the National Action Plan


Click here to download the booklet


Photo: UNDP Viet Nam/ Phan Huong Giang


With over 20 million of visitors per year, the exceptionally well-preserved Southeast Asian trading port city of Hoi An, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is left with the gargantuan task of disposing of 27,000 tons of solid waste per year.
In 2016 alone, over 21 million tourists visited the city of 120,000, or 175 tourists per resident annually. The booming tourism industry produces approximately 75 tonnes of solid waste per day. Problems relating to insufficient collection and improper disposal of this waste had been festering for years.
As a result, the city’s land and streams were increasingly littered, threatening the environment and the health of communities. If not properly contained, eventually the city’s waste finds its way to the oceans - creating global environmental ramifications.
Click here to read the full story.



Project start date:

September 2019

Estimated end date:

December 2021

Implementing partner:

United Nations Development Programme

Full project information  

Funding Support by

Donor name

  • Ministry Of Foreign Affairs
  • Norway
  • Delivery in previous fiscal year

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