Viet Nam’s remarkable human development has been accompanied with high pressure on the planet. In 2019, Viet Nam’s HDI value falls from 0.704 to 0.664 or a loss of 5.7% due to carbon dioxide emissions and material consumption per capita.
Viet Nam performs well in terms of forest coverage and response to disasters, but is among the bottom third of countries in terms of carbon emissions per unit of GDP (0.33Kg/$2010PPP GDP), land degradation (31% of the total land area), red list index (a measure animal extinction), and use of fertilizer nutrients per hectare of cropland (136.5kg Nitrogen & 65.1kg Phosphorus).
The next frontier for human development will require working with and not against nature, while transforming social norms, values, and government and financial incentives, the report argues. Easing planetary pressures in a way that enables all people to flourish in this new age requires dismantling the gross imbalances of power and opportunity that stand in the way of transformation.
To learn more about the 2020 Human Development report and UNDP’s analysis on the experimental Planetary Pressures-Adjusted HDI, visit http://hdr.undp.org/en/2020-report
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UNDP in Viet Nam| Nguyen Viet Lan, Communications Officer | firstname.lastname@example.org 0914436769